Category: Current affairs


Ancient Indian UFO Once again EXPOSED THE WEST ! ! !

Pingala (Devanagari: पिङ्गल) is the author of Chandaḥśāstra (Chandaḥsūtra), the earliest known Sanskrit treatise on prosody.
Very less historical knowledge is available about Pingala, though his works are retained till date.
He is identified either as the younger brother of Pāṇini (4th century BCE), or of Patañjali, the author of the Mahabhashya (2nd century BCE).
Pingala Mathematician
His work, Chandaḥśāstra means science of meters, is a treatise on music and can be dated back to 2nd century BCE.
Main commentaries on ‘Chandaḥśāstra‘ are ‘Vrittaratnakara‘ by Kedara in 8th century AD, ‘Tatparyatika‘ by Trivikrama in 12th century AD and ‘Mritasanjivani‘ by Halayudha in 13th century AD. The complete significance of Pingala’s work can be understood by the explanations found in these three commentaries.

Pingala (in Chandaḥśāstra 8.23) has assigned the following combinations of zero and one to represent various numbers, much in the same way as the present day computer programming procedures.

0 0 0 0 numerical value = 1
1 0 0 0 numerical value = 2
0 1 0 0 numerical value = 3
1 1 0 0 numerical value = 4
0 0 1 0 numerical value = 5
1 0 1 0 numerical value = 6
0 1 1 0 numerical value = 7
1 1 1 0 numerical value = 8
0 0 0 1 numerical value = 9
1 0 0 1 numerical value = 10
0 1 0 1 numerical value = 11
1 1 0 1 numerical value = 12
0 0 1 1 numerical value = 13
1 0 1 1 numerical value = 14
0 1 1 1 numerical value = 15
1 1 1 1 numerical value = 16

Other numbers have also been assigned zero and one combinations likewise.
Pingala’s system of binary numbers starts with number one (and not zero). The numerical value is obtained by adding one to the sum of place values. In this system, the place value increases to the right, as against the modern notation in which it increases towards the left.

The procedure of Pingala system is as follows:

Divide the number by 2. If divisible write 1, otherwise write 0.
If first division yields 1 as remainder, add 1 and divide again by 2. If fully divisible, write 1, otherwise write 0 to the right of first 1.
If first division yields 0 as remainder that is, it is fully divisible, add 1 to the remaining number and divide by 2. If divisible, write 1, otherwise write 0 to the right of first 0.
This procedure is continued until 0 as final remainder is obtained.
Example to understand Pingala System of Binary Numbers :

Find Binary equivalent of 122 in Pingala System :

Divide 122 by 2. Divisible, so write 1 and remainder is 61. 1
Divide 61 by 2. Not Divisible and remainder is 30. So write 0 right to 1. 10
Add 1 to 61 and divide by 2 = 31.
Divide 31 by 2. Not Divisible and remainder is 16. So write 0 to the right. 100
Divide 16 by 2. Divisible and remainder is 8. So write 1 to right. 1001
Divide 8 by 2. Divisible and remainder is 4. So write 1 to right. 10011
Divide 4 by 2. Divisible and remainder is 2. So write 1 to right. 100111
Divide 2 by 2. Divisible. So place 1 to right. 1001111
Now we have 122 equivalent to 1001111.

Verify this by place value system : 1×1 + 0×2 + 0×4 + 1×8 + 1×16 + 1×32 + 1×64 = 64+32+16+8+1 = 121
By adding 1(which we added while dividing 61) to 121 = 122, which is our desired number.
In Pingala system, 122 can be written as 1001111.

Though this system is not exact equivalent of today’s binary system used, it is very much similar with its place value system having 20, 20, 21, 22, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26 etc used to multiple binary numbers sequence and obtain equivalent decimal number.

Reference : Chandaḥśāstra (8.24-25) describes above method of obtaining binary equivalent of any decimal number in detail.
These were used 1600 years before westeners invented binary system.


British Indian Muslims have asked the UK government not to issue Gujarat chief minister Narendra Modi a visa to the UK and have objected to MPs of the Conservative and Labour Parties inviting him to Britain.

Such a step, they said, would “encourage extremism in India and will set a dangerous precedent in British politics”.

“We are not unaware of a powerful BJP lobby, supported by Barry Gardiner, the Labour MP from Brent North, doing PR work for Modi in (the) UK,” the letter to the government said, slamming the MPs and describing their invite as a “wrong message that might is right and economic interests come before principles”.

The Muslim community members also quoted from the leaked report the British high commission had prepared during the 2002 riots and stated in it that the anti-Muslim pogrom in Gujarat “had all the hallmarks of ethnic cleansing and that reconciliation between Hindus and Muslims is impossible while the chief minister remains in power”.

The report had also described the riots not as a spontaneous reaction as claimed by the Modi administration but were “planned possibly months in advance”.

The letter also refers to incidents of communal clashes in Bihar and Utter Pradesh after Modi’s elevation as chairman of the BJP’s campaign committee for the next parliamentary polls.

The letter has been signed by Munaf Zeema, chairman of the Council of Indian Muslims (UK).

Gujarat BJP leader Jaynarayan Vyas refused to comment on the matter.

Close to 1,200 people, mostly Muslims, had died in the 2002 Gujarat riots. Modi has been chief minister since 2001.

Independence Day Speech

The exact speech that was delivered by Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru is as follows:

“Long years ago we made a tryst with destiny, and now the time comes when we shall redeem our pledge, not wholly or in full measure, but very substantially. At the stroke of the midnight hour, when the world sleeps, India will awake to life and freedom. A moment comes, which comes but rarely in history, when we step out from the old to the new, when an age ends, and when the soul of a nation, long suppressed, finds utterance. It is fitting that at this solemn moment we take the pledge of dedication to the service of India and her people and to the still larger cause of humanity.

At the dawn of history India started on her unending quest, and trackless centuries are filled with her striving and the grandeur of her success and her failures. Through good and ill fortune alike she has never lost sight of that quest or forgotten the ideals which gave her strength. We end today a period of ill fortune and India discovers herself again. The achievement we celebrate today is but a step, an opening of opportunity, to the greater triumphs and achievements that await us. Are we brave enough and wise enough to grasp this opportunity and accept the challenge of the future?

Freedom and power bring responsibility. The responsibility rests upon this Assembly, a sovereign body representing the sovereign people of India. Before the birth of freedom we have endured all the pains of labour and our hearts are heavy with the memory of this sorrow. Some of those pains continue even now. Nevertheless, the past is over and it is the future that beckons to us now.

That future is not one of ease or resting but of incessant striving so that we may fulfil the pledges we have so often taken and the one we shall take today. The service of India means the service of the millions who suffer. It means the ending of poverty and ignorance and disease and inequality of opportunity. The ambition of the greatest man of our generation has been to wipe every tear from every eye. That may be beyond us, but as long as there are tears and suffering, so long our work will not be over.

And so we have to labour and to work, and work hard, to give reality to our dreams. Those dreams are for India, but they are also for the world, for all the nations and peoples are too closely knit together today for any one of them to imagine that it can live apart Peace has been said to be indivisible; so is freedom, so is prosperity now, and so also is disaster in this One World that can no longer be split into isolated fragments.

To the people of India, whose representatives we are, we make an appeal to join us with faith and confidence in this great adventure. This is no time for petty and destructive criticism, no time for ill-will or blaming others.

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Government shut down the 163-year old service on Sunday.

Thousands of people crowded telegraph offices around India to send the country’s last telegrams, as the government shut down the 163-year old service on Sunday.

Most Sunday afternoons, one would be hard-pressed to find anyone at the Central Telegraph Office in New Delhi – let alone people lined up in the rain. But this day is different. For engineer Rasmeet Chawla – it is the end of an era.

“I am here for the same reason as everybody. This is the last day, and I wanted to have a souvenir of this telegraph medium,” he admitted.

Most of the people who crowded the office were young and have grown up in the age of mobile phones and e-mail, technology that eventually helped make the telegram obsolete.

But others like Neelima Chandak, who brought her 19-year old daughter to the office, remembered the weight the small slip of paper carried when it was finally delivered to its destination.

“Most of the time, it used to be anxiety. As soon as you heard the word ‘telegram,’ you mostly associated it with news of death and sometimes a job,” she recalled.

On July 14, the last for the Central Telegraph Office in the Indian capital, most of the telegrams carried nostalgic messages and good wishes for loved ones. By late Sunday, with just a few hours to go before the doors closed for good, 1,500 telegrams had been processed – compared to 10 to 20 on any other day.

An employee for 31 years, Jagdish Chand joked the telegraph service would never have incurred huge losses and be shut down had it seen crowds like this through the years.

Still, he said he is proud to be part of a communication mode that carried messages during India’s fight for independence and was a vital part of Indians’ day-to-day life.

“If someone had to be picked up at the railway station or from the airport, the telegram used to reach [their loved ones’ homes] on the same day,” he explained. “I was very happy that along with doing my job, I was also doing a public service.”

His service along with that of about 1,000 other workers across India will no longer be needed. Many will either retire or be transferred to other departments within state-owned telecommunications company BSNL – which will continue its focus on expanding Internet and mobile phone services across India.

নালন্দা ভারতের বিহার রাজ্যে অবস্থিত একটি প্রাচীন উচ্চশিক্ষা কেন্দ্র। প্রাচীন নালন্দা মহাবিহার বিহারের রাজধানী পাটনা শহর থেকে ৫৫ মাইল দক্ষিণ-পূর্বে অবস্থিত ছিল। খ্রিষ্টীয় ৪২৭ অব্দ থেকে ১১৯৭ অব্দের মধ্যবর্তী সময়ে নালন্দা ছিল একটি প্রসিদ্ধ শিক্ষাকেন্দ্র। এই মহাবিহারকে “ইতিহাসের শ্রেষ্ঠ প্রাচীন বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়গুলির অন্যতম” বলে মনে করা হয়। এখানকার কয়েকটি সৌধ মৌর্য সম্রাট অশোক নির্মাণ করেছিলেন। গুপ্ত সম্রাটরাও এখানকার কয়েকটি মঠের পৃষ্ঠপোষক ছিলেন। ঐতিহাসিকদের মতে, গুপ্ত সম্রাট শক্রাদিত্যের (অপর নাম কুমারগুপ্ত, রাজত্বকাল ৪১৫-৫৫) রাজত্বকালে নালন্দা মহাবিহারের বিকাশলাভ ঘটে। পরবর্তীকালে বৌদ্ধ সম্রাট হর্ষবর্ধন ওপাল সম্রাটগণও এই মহাবিহারের পৃষ্ঠপোষক হয়েছিলেন।১৪ হেক্টর আয়তনের মহাবিহার চত্বরটি ছিল লাল ইঁটে নির্মিত। খ্যাতির মধ্যগগনে থাকাকালীন অবস্থায় চীন, গ্রিস ও পারস্য থেকেও শিক্ষার্থীরা এই বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়ে পড়াশোনা করতে আসতেন বলে জানা যায়।

১১৯৩ খ্রিষ্টাব্দে তুর্কি মুসলমান আক্রমণকারী বখতিয়ার খিলজি নালন্দা মহাবিহার লুণ্ঠন ও ধ্বংস করেন। এই ঘটনা ভারতে বৌদ্ধধর্মের পতনের ইতিহাসে একটি অত্যন্ত গুরুত্বপূর্ণ ঘটনা বলে বিবেচিত হয়। ২০০৬ সালে ভারত, চীন,সিঙ্গাপুর, জাপান ও অন্যান্য কয়েকটি রাষ্ট্র যৌথভাবে এই সুপ্রাচীন বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়টির পুনরুজ্জীবনের প্রকল্প গ্রহণ করে। নতুন বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়টির নাম স্থির হয়েছে নালন্দা আন্তর্জাতিক বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়। এটি প্রাচীন নালন্দা মহাবিহারের ধ্বংসাবশেষের নিকট নির্মিত হবে।

“নালন্দা” শব্দটির অর্থ “দানে অকৃপণ”।
চীনা তীর্থযাত্রী সন্ন্যাসী হিউয়েন সাঙ নালন্দা নামের বিবিধ ব্যাখ্যা প্রদান করেছেন। তাঁর একটি মত হল, এই নামটি স্থানীয় আম্রকুঞ্জের মধ্যবর্তী পুষ্করিণীতে বসবাসকারী একটি নাগের নাম থেকে উদ্ভুত। কিন্তু যে মতটি তিনি গ্রহণ করেছেন, সেটি হল,শাক্যমুনি বুদ্ধ একদা এখানে অবস্থান করে “অবিরত ভিক্ষাপ্রদান” করতেন; সেই থেকেই এই নামের উদ্ভব।
সারিপুত্তর মৃত্যু হয়েছিল “নালক” নামে এক গ্রামে। কোনো কোনো গবেষক এই গ্রামটিকেই “নালন্দা” নামে অভিহিত করেন।

নালন্দা পৃথিবীর প্রথম আবাসিক বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়গুলোর মধ্যে একটি এবং এটি ইতিহাসের সবচেয়ে প্রসিদ্ধ বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়গুলোর মধ্যেও একটি। এর স্বর্ণযুগে ১০,০০০ এর অধিক শিক্ষার্থী এবং ২,০০০ শিক্ষক এখানে জ্ঞান চর্চা করত। একটি প্রধান ফটক এবং সুউচ্চ দেয়ালঘেরা বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়টি স্থাপত্যের একটি মাস্টারপিস হিসেবে সুপরিচিত ছিল।বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়ে আটটি ভিন্ন ভিন্ন চত্বর(compound) এবং দশটি মন্দির ছিল; ছিল ধ্যান করার কক্ষ এবং শ্রেনীকক্ষ। প্রাঙ্গনে ছিল কতগুলো দীঘি ও উদ্যান।

বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়ের পাঠাগারটি ছিল একটি নয়তলা ভবন যেখানে পাণ্ডুলিপি তৈরি করা হত অত্যন্ত সতর্কতার সাথেধর্মের পাশাপাশি বেদ _উপনিশদ, বিতর্ক, দর্শন, যুক্তিবিদ্যা, ব্যাকরণ, সাহিত্য, গণিত, জ্যোতিষ বিদ্যা, শিল্প কলা, চিকিৎসাশাস্ত্র সহ তৎকালীন সর্বোচ্চ শিক্ষা ব্যাবস্থার উপযোগী আরো বিভিন্ন বিষয় সম্পর্কে নিয়মিত পাঠ দান চলত এখানে।। তৎকালীন জ্ঞান বিজ্ঞানের সকল শাখাতেই চর্চার সুযোগ থাকায় সুদূর কোরিয়া, জাপান, চীন, তিব্বত,ইন্দোনেশিয়া, পারস্য এবং তুরস্ক থেকে জ্ঞানী ও জ্ঞান পিপাসুরা এখানে ভীড় করতেন। চীনের ট্যাং রাজবংশের রাজত্বকালে চৈনিক পরিব্রাজক জুয়ানঝাং ৭তম শতাব্দিতে নালন্দার বিস্তারিত বর্ণনা লিখে রেখে গেছেন।

নালন্দা বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়ের পাঠাগার ধর্ম গুঞ্জ বা ধর্মগঞ্জ সেই সময়ে বৌদ্ধজ্ঞানের সবচেয়ে প্রসিদ্ধ ভান্ডার হিসাবে সুপরিচিত ছিল। পাঠাগারে ছিল শত শত হাজার হাজার পুঁথি,। পাঠাগারের মূল ভবন ছিল তিনটি যার প্রত্যেকটি প্রায় নয়তলা ভবনের সমান উঁচু; ভবনগুলো রত্নসাগর, রত্নদধি ও রত্নরঞ্জক নামে পরিচিত ছিল।
নালন্দার লাইব্রেরী

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There is clear evidence which confirms that some international Christian organizations are backing terrorism and separatist movements in India’s North-east. These church backed organizations are providing funds, arms and ammunition with the aim of creating a separate Christian state.


The National Liberation Front of Tripura (NLFT) was founded in December 1989. Since its inception the NLFT has been engaged in an armed struggle to carve out a separate Christian nation – Tripura. The backing of the Baptist church right from the beginning has enabled this organization to spread its base. Due to its terrorist activities, the organization was banned by the government in 1997 but it continued its operations from across the Bangladesh border.

The priests of the Baptist church supply arms and ammunitions to these terrorist rebels. Nagmanlal Halam, the secretary of the Noapara Baptist Church in Tripura was arrested by CRPF in April 2000 on charges of aiding insurgents and possessing a large quantity of explosives including 60 gelatin sticks, 5kg of potassium, 2kg of sulphur and other ingredients for making powerful bombs. Two junior members of the same church, who had been arrested earlier tipped the police off about the explosives which were meant for terrorist organizations like the NLFT. Mr. Halam confessed to buying and supplying explosives to the NLFT. Another church official, Jatna Koloi, who was also arrested, admitted that he received training in guerrilla warfare at an NLFT base.

It is now apparent that the pattern of forced conversions at gunpoint are irrefutably linked to the Baptist Church in Tripura. The NLFT is accused of forcing Tripura’s indigenous tribes to become Christians and give up Hindu forms of worship in areas under their control. For decades Tripura’s

indigenous tribal population has been dragged out of their homes and forced to convert to Christianity under threat of violence. Whenever any of the tribals organize Hindu festivals or rituals, the terrorist groups attack to desecrate and kill the participants. There have been incidents of issuing a ban on the Hindu festivals of Durga Puja and Saraswati Puja. The NLFT manifesto says that they want to expand what they describe as the kingdom of God and Christ in Tripura. The hill tribe ‘Jamatiya’ worship their traditional god ‘Gadiya’, who is supposed to be an incarnation of Lord Shiva, in the month of March. The terrorists have issued an order that the ‘Gadiya’ be prayed on the Christmas day instead.

The Baptist Church in Tripura was set up by missionaries from New Zealand 60 years ago. It won only a few thousand converts until 1980 when a mass scale ethnic riot was engineered by the Church in which systematic ethnic cleansing of Hindu and Buddhist tribals was initiated. Thousands of women were raped and kidnapped and forced to convert to Christianity. The terrorists receive military aid from extremist Christian groups in Australia and New Zealand. They also have ongoing exchanges with Islamic terrorist and ISI who push in arms from the Bangladeshi border.

When the RSS and other Hindu organizations decided to help the Hindus under attack in Tripura by aiding them in reconversion, hundreds of the RSS volunteers were attacked, threatened and blackmailed. Several of them were murdered and a number of them were kidnapped and held hostage by the Christian terrorists. In August 2000, Swami Shantikali Maharaj, the famous Hindu sage known for his social services was killed by the terrorists. In December 2000, Lavkumar Jamatiya, the priest of the ‘Jamatiya’ tribe was killed, two Hindu temples and one Buddhist temple were destroyed and order was issued to end all non-Christian methods of praying. In the year 2001, there were 826 terrorist attacks in Tripura in which 405 persons were killed and 481 cases of kidnapping by the rebels.

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Union Budget 2013-14


* Fiscal deficit seen at 5.2 point of GDP in 2012/13

* Fiscal deficit seen at 4.8 point of GDP in 2013/14

* Faced with huge fiscal deficit, India had no choice but to rationalize expenditure


* Gross market borrowing seen at 6.29 trillion rupees in 2013/14

* Net market borrowing seen at 4.84 trillion rupees in 2013/14

* Short-term borrowing seen at 198.44 billion rupees in 2013/14

* To buy back 500 billion rupees worth of bonds in 2013/14


* 2013/14 major subsidies bill estimated at 2.48 trillion rupees from 1.82 trillion rupees

* Petroleum subsidy seen at 650 billion rupees in 2013/14

* Revised petroleum subsidy for 2012/13 at 968.8 billion rupees

* Estimated 900 billion rupees spending on food subsidies in 2013/14

* Revised food subsidies at 850 billion rupees in 2012/13

* Revised 2012/13 fertiliser subsidy at 659.7 billion rupees


* India faces challenge of getting back to its potential growth rate of 8 point

* India must unhesitatingly embrace growth as highest goal


* Total budget expenditure seen at 16.65 trillion rupees in 2013/14

* Non-plan expenditure estimated at about 11.1 trillion rupees in 2013/14

* India’s 2013/14 plan expenditure seen at 5.55 trillion rupees

* Revised estimate for total expenditure is 14.3 trillion rupees in 2012/13, which is 96 point of budget estimate

* Set aside 100 billion rupees towards spending on food subsidies in 2013/14


* Expect 133 billion rupees through direct tax proposals in 2013/14

* Expect 47 billion rupees through indirect tax proposals in 2013/14

* Target 558.14 billion rupees from stake sales in state-run firms in 2013/14

* Expect revenue of 408.5 bln rupees from airwave surcharges, auction of telecom spectrum, licence fees in 2013/14


* India’s greater worry is the current account deficit – will need more than $75 billion this year and next year to fund deficit


* Food inflation is worrying, will take all steps to augment supply side


* Proposes surcharge of 10 point on rich taxpayers with annual income of more than 10 million rupees a year

* To increase surcharge to 10 point on domestic companies with annual income of more than 100 million rupees

* For foreign companies, who pay the higher rate of corporate tax, the surcharge will increase from 2 pct to 5 per cent.

* To continue 15 point tax concession on dividend received by India companies from foreign units for one more year

* Propose to impose withholding tax of 20 point on profit distribution to shareholders

* Amnesty on service tax non-compliance from 2007

* 10 billion rupees for first installment of balance of GST (Goods and Services Tax) payment

* Propose to reduce securities transaction tax on equity futures to 0.01 point from 0.017 point

* Time to introduce commodities transaction tax (CTT)

* CTT on non-agriculture futures contracts at 0.01 point


* To issue inflation-indexed bonds

* Proposes capital allowance of 15 point to companies on investments of more than 1 billion rupees

* Foreign institutional investors (FIIs) can use investments in corporate, government bonds as collateral to meet margin requirements

* Insurance, provident funds can trade directly in debt segments of stock exchanges

* FIIs can hedge forex exposure through exchange-traded derivatives

* Investor with less than 10 point stake in a company will be regarded as FII, more than 10 point stake as FDI (foreign direct investment)

* Stock exchange regulator will simplify know-your-customer norms for foreign portfolio investors

* To implement quickly recommendations of financial sector legislative reforms commission

* To cut factory gate duty on trucks to 13 pct from 14 pct


* Zero customs duty for electrical plants and machinery

* Move to revenue-sharing from profit-sharing policy in oil and gas sector

* To equalise duties on steam and bituminous coal to 2 point customs duty and 2 point cvd (countervailing duty)


* To cut duty on exports of precious and semi-precious stones to 2 point from 10 point

* No duty on import of ships, vessels


* To provide 140 billion rupees capital infusion in state-run banks in 2013/14


* To allocate 2.03 trillion rupees to defence in 2013/14


* To allocate 801.94 billion rupees to rural development in 2013/14

* Plan to allocate 270.49 billion rupees for agriculture in 2013/14


* “Faced with a huge fiscal deficit, I have no choice but to rationalize expenditure. We took a dose of bitter medicine. It seems to be working.”

Railway Minister Pawan Bansal has announced the Union Railway Budget for 2013-14 in Parliament. Here are the highlights:

  • No increase in passenger fares
  • Railways will absorb Rs. 850 crore on account of no hike in passenger fare
  • Marginal increase in reservation charges, cancellation charges
  • Supplementary charges for superfast trains and tatkal booking
  • 26 new passenger trains to be launched
  • 67 express trains to be launched
  • 9 Electric Multiple Unit (EMU) trains to be introduced
  • 500-km new lines to be completed in 2013-14
  • Concessional fare for sportspersons
  • 5 per cent average increase in freight 
  • Diesel price hike added Rs. 3,300 crore to fuel bill of Railways
  • Railways hopes to end 2013-14 with a balance of Rs. 12,506 crore
  • 5.2 per cent growth in passenger traffic expected in 2013-14
  • Railways’ freight loading traffic scaled down by 100 million tonnes from 1025 million tonnes because of economic slowdown
  • Railways to set up a Debt Service Fund
  • Rs. 3,000 crore loan from Finance Ministry re-paid with interest by Railways this financial year
  • New coach manufacturing and maintenance facilities to be set up in various places including Rae Bareli, Bhilwara, Sonepat, Kalahandi, Kolar, Palakkad and Pratapgarh
  • Five fellowships to be announced to motivate students
  • Centralised training institute to be set up in Secunderabad
  • Will provide better living conditions for Railway Protection Force (RPF) personnel
  • Seek to fill 1.52 lakh vacancies in railways this year. 47,000 vacancies for weaker sections and physically challenged to be filled up soon
  • Target of Rs. 4,000 crore for railway production units in 2014
  • Trying to connect Manipur through railways
  • Investment of Rs. 3800 crore for port connectivity projects
  • Target of Rs. 1000 crore each for Indian Railways Land Development Authority and Indian Railways Station Development authority
  • Toll free 1800111321 number to address grievance. Introduced from February 2013
  • Labs to test food provided in trains. ISO certification for all rail kitchens
  • Advance fraud control will be used for ticket sale
  • Induction of e-ticketing through mobile phones, SMS alerts to passengers
  • Next-generation e-ticketing system to improve end user experience.  The system will support 7200 users per minute
  • Wheelchairs and escalators to be made to make stations and trains friendlier for the differently-abled.
  • Rs. 100 crore to be spent to augment facilities at Delhi, New Delhi and Nizamuddin railway stations
  • Special attention to stations in NCR.
  • Free wi-fi facilities in select trains. 60 more ‘adarsh’ stations
  • Safety measures including new coaches with anti-climb features to be brought in
  • More ladies specials in metros and a helpline number to be implemented
  • Railways meets need of consumers while adhering to sound economic principles. Need to expand at a much faster growth rate
  • I am committed to improving passenger amenities
  • Resource crunch cannot be a reason for substandard services
  • Elimination of over 10,000 level crossings
  • 17 bridges sanctioned for rehabilitation
  • Enhancement of the track capacity and the Train Protection Warning System (TPWS)
  • Indigenously developed collision avoidance system to be put to trial
  • Induction of self-propelled accident relief trains along with fast and reliable disaster management system
  • Railway passengers deserve safe and comfortable travel. Safety is a mandate in running trains. There has been a significant reduction in accidents – .41 per million kms in 2003-04 to .13 in 2011- 12. We will strive to work towards a zero accident situation.
  • Our targets need to be higher
  • Mounting scarcity of resources, thin spread of funds continue to be a problem
  • The number of passenger trains has increased from 8000 in 2001 to over 12000 in 2012 – yet losses continue to mount. It is estimated to be Rs. 24,000 cr in 2012-13
  • Indian railways must remain financially viable
  • Indian Railways plays an unparalleled growth in integrating the nation
  • I thank Dr Manmohan Singh and Sonia Gandhi and I pay homage to Rajiv Gandhi ji who introduced me to politics

Parliament attack convict Mohammed Afzal Guru was hanged on Saturday at the Tihar Jail. Following is the chronology of events leading to the Jaish-e-Mohammad terrorist’s execution:

December 13, 2001: Five terrorists enter Parliament complex and open indiscriminate fire, killing nine people and injuring over 15.

December 15, 2001: Delhi Police pick up Afzal Guru, a member of terrorist outfit Jaish-e-Muhammad (JeM), from Jammu and Kashmir. S.A.R Geelani of Delhi University’s Zakir Hussain College picked up for questioning and later arrested. Two others — Afsan Guru and her husband Shaukat Hussain Guru — were picked up later.

December 29, 2001: Afzal Guru sent to 10-day police remand.

June 4, 2002: Charges are framed against four people — Afzal Guru, Geelani, Shaukat Hussain Guru, Afsan Guru and Geelani.

December 18, 2002: Death sentence given to Geelani, Shaukat Hussain Guru and Afzal Guru, while Afsan Guru is let off.

August 30, 2003: Jaish-e-Muhammad leader Ghazi Baba, prime accused in the attack, is killed in an encounter with the Border Security Force (BSF) in Srinagar. Three more militants along with him are also killed in the 10-hour encounter.

October 29, 2003: Geelani acquitted in the case.

August 4, 2005: The Supreme Court, while confirming the death sentence of Afzal Guru, commutes Shaukat Hussain Guru’s death sentence to 10 years of rigorous imprisonment.

September 26, 2006: Delhi court orders Afzal Guru to be hanged.

October 3, 2006: Afzal Guru’s wife Tabasum Guru files a mercy petition with then President A.P.J. Abdul Kalam.

January 12, 2007: The Supreme Court dismisses Afzal Guru’s plea seeking review of his death sentence, saying “there is no merit” in it.

May 19, 2010: Delhi government rejects Afzal Guru’s mercy petition; endorses capital punishment awarded to him by the Supreme Court.

December 30, 2010: Shaukat Hussain Guru released from Tihar Jail.

December 10, 2012: Home Minister Sushilkumar Shinde says he would examine Afzal Guru’s file after Parliament’s Winter session concludes on December 22.

February 3, 2013: President Pranab Mukherjee rejects Afzal Guru’s mercy petition

February 9, 2013: Afzal Guru hanged in Tihar Jail.

Also read: Editorial – Dec.18, 2002: The Parliament Attack Case

News Analysis: Few straight answers yet

Editorial – Dec 20, 2002: The death sentences

Editorial – Oct 31, 2003: Justice done

Editorial – Aug 06, 2005: Just acquittal, unjust suspicion

Editorial – Oct 09, 2006: Clemency — for the right reasons


The Shahrukh Khan’s recent interview to Outlook Turning Points magazine,  has become a political issue now. The actor had expressed,

“I sometimes become the inadvertent object of political leaders who choose to make me a symbol of all that they think is wrong and unpatriotic about Muslims in India.” “I gave my son and daughter names that could pass for generic (pan-India and pan-religious) ones – Aryan and Suhana. The Khan has been bequeathed by me so they can’t really escape it,” he added. “I pronounce it with my epiglottis when asked by Muslims and throw the Aryan as evidence of their race when non-Muslims enquire. I imagine this will prevent my offspring from receiving unwarranted eviction orders or random fatwas in the future.” SRK also added that he became so sick of being mistaken for some crazed terrorist, “who co-incidentally carries the same name as mine that I made a film subtly titled ‘My Name Is Khan’ (and I am not a terrorist) to prove a point.” “Ironically, I was interrogated at the airport for hours about my last name when I was going to promote the film in America for the first time,” he added.
Mumbai terror attack mastermind Hafiz Saeed offered him to stay in Pakistan stating that he would stay there safely. Hafiz said, “Shahrukh is welcome in Pakistan and he can live here for as long as he wants.”
The terror outfit Jamaatud Dawa (JuD) chief Saeed, during an interview with Express News programme Takrar, said, “Shahrukh will be welcome here (Pakistan).” Saeed asserted that Shahrukh should move to Pakistan if he feels “insecure” in India.
The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) on Tuesday took strong objection to the Pakistan Interior Minister Rehman Malik’s statement that India must ensure safety of Bollywood superstar Shah Rukh Khan. Even politicians, irrespective of their parties, slammed the minister in one voice for his remark and reminded him to show his concern for the conditions prevailing in Pakistan.”We are quite capable of taking care of the security of our citizens… They (Pakistan) don’t need to worry about it,” Union Home Secretary R.K. Singh said reacting to Malik’s statement.Congress spokesperson Rashid Alvi said Malik should not interfere in India’s internal matters. He said Pakistan should worry about its own people.

“I condemn this statement totally… The whole India will take care of its own members. We all know what is going inside Pakistan. Even when Pakistani artists come here, we provide security to them… Muslims are most safe in India,” Alvi said.

“I don’t know what Shah Rukh Khan had said regarding this statement. But Pakistan has no right to say anything about any Indian. Pakistan itself cannot take care of its own. They have to change their perception and their viewpoint,” he said.

“India is a secular country. They cannot force anything on them. Hindustan will make its own decision,” Alvi added.

Reacting angrily to the minister’s remark, the BJP said that Pakistan must stay away from meddling in India’s affairs and that all citizens in this country were safe. Party spokesperson Shahnawaz Hussain asked the Centre to send out a stern message to Pakistan.

Another BJP leader Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi said, “Pakistan should be worried about its minorities and not about India’s. We are a secular country… Shah Rukh Khan should refrain from such comments.”

Former Samajwadi Party leader Shahid Siddiqui said, “Shah Rukh Khan wrote an article in Outlook in which he has written that as a Khan what he has gone through and he has appreciated. Shah Rukh Khan’s family is a nationalist family. His father left Pakistan to come to India.”

“Many fans of Shah Rukh Khan are his security. I condemn the remarks made by Hafiz Saeed and Rehman Malik. .. This is one family which is truly Indian. Every Indian must respect Shah Rukh Khan. People like him prove that India is a great secular nation,” Siddiqui said.