Category: Religious


পুরাণ প্রায় ১৫০০ বছর আগে রচিত। এই পুরাণে কলিযু‌গ কেমন হবে সে সম্পর্কে বেশ কিছু কথা বলা হয়েছে। হিন্দু শাস্ত্রমতে এখন কলিযুগই চলছে।

image

প্রাচীন হিন্দু শাস্ত্রের যে ১০টি ভবিষ্যতবাণী

ভাগবৎ পুরাণ হিন্দুধর্মের অষ্টাদশ পুরাণের একটি। এই পুরাণে কলিযু‌গ কেমন হবে সে সম্পর্কে বেশ কিছু কথা বলা হয়েছে। হিন্দু শাস্ত্রমতে এখন কলিযুগই চলছে। বর্তমান সময়ের দিকে তাকালে কলিযুগ সম্পর্কে ভাগবতের এইসব ভবিষ্যৎবাণীর অনেকগুলিই সত্য বলে মনে হবে। সেরকমই কয়েকটি ভবিষ্যতবাণীর কথা রইল এখানে—

১. ধর্ম, সত্যবাদিতা, সহিষ্ণুতা, দয়া— এই সবই কলিযুগে মানুষের হৃদয় থেকে লোপ পাবে।
(শ্রীমদভাগবৎ, ১২.২.১.)

২. কলিযুগে অর্থই মানুষের সামাজিক সম্মানের একমাত্র নির্ণায়ক হয়ে দাঁড়াবে।
(শ্রীমদভাগবৎ, ১২.২.২.)

৩. যৌনক্ষমতার ভিত্তিতেই নারীর নারীত্ব এবং পুরুষের পুরুষত্ব নির্ধারিত হবে কলিযু‌গে।
(শ্রীমদভাগবৎ, ১২.২.৩.)

৪. কি‌ছু বাহ্যিক আচারবিচারের ওপরেই মানুষের আধ্যাত্মিক অবস্থান নির্ভর করবে।
(শ্রীমদভাগবৎ, ১২.২.৪.)

৫. দরিদ্র মানুষকে অপবিত্র মনে করা হবে, এবং শঠতা গুণ বলে বিবেচিত হবে।
(শ্রীমদভাগবৎ, ১২.২.৫.)

৬. ধর্মচর্চার একমাত্র লক্ষ্য হয়ে দাঁড়াবে সামাজিক সুনাম অর্জন।
(শ্রীমদভাগবৎ, ১২.২.৬.)

৭. দুর্নীতিপরায়ণ মানুষদের মধ্যে যে সবচেয়ে নিকৃষ্ট সে-ই অর্জন করবে রাজনৈতিক ক্ষমতা।
(শ্রীমদভাগবৎ, ১২.২.৭.)

৮. খরার পীড়নে মানুষ সর্বস্বান্ত হবে।
(শ্রীমদভাগবৎ, ১২.২.৮.)

৯. অতিরিক্ত গরম বা অতিরিক্ত ঠাণ্ডা এবং রোগ, ব্যাধি ও মানসিক অশান্তির তাড়নায় মানুষের জীবন অতিষ্ঠ হয়ে উঠবে।
(শ্রীমদভাগবৎ, ১২.২.৯.)

১০. অসচ্চিরত্র মানুষ ধার্মিকের ভেক ধরে অর্থ উপার্জন করবে কলিযুগে।
(শ্রীমদভাগবৎ, ১২.২.৩৮.)

Garuda

Wrong doings

Punishment given in Naraka

Thamisra Stealing other’s property including wife, children and belongings Thrashing with the weapon, gada
Andhathamisra Post marital cheating between husband and wife Unconscious circulation in abyss
Rourava Destroying, splitting other’s family and their belongings Spanking the Life organs with trident by Yama kinkaras
Maharourava Brutally destroying other’s property and family for the sake of acquisition A wild animal, Ruru, tortures them in various forms
Kumbhipaka Destroying innocent lives for food Roasting in hot oil tank by yama kinkaras
Kalasuthra Torturing and putting elders & parents in starvation Same set of treatment in hell
asipathra Abetting God and devolve from Dharma practices Torture by evil spirits; results in fear
Sukaramukha Punishing innocent people and accomplice unlawful activities Grinding under the sharp teeth of an animal resembling pig
Anthakoopa Torturing lives and inhumane activities Biting by wild animals; Run over by wild animals
Agnikunda Snatching other’s property by force, gaining undue advantage and unlawfully making best out of everything in the world Roasting in agni kunda in inverted position with hands and legs ties under a stick
Vajrakandaka Unchaste people in physical contact with unmatching people Physical hugging with fire spitting idols
Krimibhojana Selfish survival; eating other’s work Insects are left intruding the body
Salmali Unchaste relationships by kamukas Thrashing with gada
Vaitharani Using official stature to attain undue advantage, acting against dharma Submerging in Vaitarna river where water is mixed with blood, urine and feces
Puyoda Shameless behaviour, mixing with unchaste women & leading the life without any motive Biting by poisonous insects and animals
Pranarodha Torturing lives and killing them Spanking the Life organs with arrows by Yama kinkaras
Pasusava Torturing cows (in which are all devatas) Slashing by canes
Sarameyadana Gutting houses, torturing lives, poisoning lives, involving in massacre Torture by unknown wild animals
Aveechi Giving false evidence Submerging and torturing in livebodies
Paribathana Drinking and making others drink alcohol Drinking lava
Ksharakarddama Involving in bad activities and defaming elders and living with selfish motives Torture the Life organs by unknown spirits
Rakshogana Performing naramedha yaga, eating non vegetarian dishes and torturing soft animals The same victims torture the hecklers
Shulaprota Killing innocent people, masterminding people, committing suicide and betraying a person’s trust. Unknown birds peck and torture with shula
Suchimukha Not doing any good, amassing wealth by wrong doings and stealing wealth Stinging with nails and torturing with hunger and thirst
Kunthasootha Not doing any good and always doing bad to others Stinging by insects like scorpions
Vadaroga Severely torturing living beings Handcuffed and burnt in fire
Paryavarthana Defaming guests and not treating them Torturing with hunger and thirst
Lalabhakshaka Torturing wife / husband and involving her / him in unchaste relationships Same set of treatment in hell

Sinners are sent to the Various Narakas(Hells) by Yamadharma according to their nature and seriousness of their Sins. There is a total of 28 Narakas. They are:–

(1) Tamisram(Heavy flogging)-Those who rob others of their wealth are bound with ropes by Yama’s Servants and cast into the Naraka known as Tamisram. There, they are given a thrashing until they bleed and faint. When they recover their senses, the beating is repeated. This is done until their time is up.

1

(2) Andhatamtrsam(Flogging)-This Hell is reserved for the Husband or the Wife who only treat their spouses well when they are to profit or pleasure to them. Those who forsake their wives and husbands for no apparent reasons are also sent here. The punishment is almost the same as Tamisram, but the excruciating pain, suffered by the victims on being tied fast, makes them fall down senseless.

2

(3) Rauravam(torment of snakes)– This is the hell for sinners who seize and enjoy another man’s property or resources. When these people are thrown into this hell, those whom they have cheated, assume the the shape of “Ruru”, a dreadful serpent. The serpent(s) will torment them severely until their time is up.

3

(4) Mahararuravam(death by snakes)– Here there is also Ruru serpents but more fiercer. Those who deny the legitimate heirs, their inheritance and possess and enjoy others property will be squeezed and bitten non stop by this terrible serpents coiling around them. Those who steal another man’s wife or lover will also be thrown here.

4

(5) Kumbhipakam(cooked by oil)– This is the hell for those who kill animals for pleasure. Here oil is kept boiled in huge vessels and sinners are plunged in this vessels.

5

(6) Kalasutram( Hot as hell)– This hell is terribly hot. Those who don’t respect their elders esp. when their elders have done their duties are sent here. Here they are made to run around in this unbearable heat and drop down exhausted from time to time.

6

(7) Asitapatram(sharp flogging)– This is the hell in which sinners abandon one’s own duty. They are flogged by Yama’s Servants with whips made of asipatra (sharp-edged sword-shaped leaves). If they run about under the flogging, they will trip over the stones and thorns, to fall on their faces. Then they are stabbed with knives until they drop unconscious, When they recover, the same process is repeated until their time is up in this Naraka.

7

(8)Sukaramukham(Crushed and tormented)– Rulers who neglect their duties and oppress their subjects by misrule, are punished in this hell. They are crushed to a pulp by heavy beating.When they recover, it is repeated until their time is up.

8

(9) Andhakupam( Attack of the animals)- This is hell for those who oppress the good people and not helping them if requested despite having the resources. They will be pushed into a well, where beasts like Lions, tigers, eagles and venomous creatures like snakes and scorpions. The sinners have to endure the constant attacks of this creatures until the expiry of the period of their punishment.

9

(10) Taptamurti( Burnt Alive)– Those who plunder or steal Gold and jewels are cast into the furnaces of this Naraka which always remains hot in blazing fire.

10

(11) Krimibhojanam(Food for worms)– Those who do not honour their Guests and make use of men or women only for their own gain, are thrown into this Naraka. Worms, insects and serpents eat them alive. Once their bodies are completely eaten up, the sinners are provided with new bodies, which are also eaten up in the above manner. This continues, till the end of their term of punishment.

11

(12) Salmali(Embracing hot images)-This Naraka is intended for men and women who have committed adultery. A figure made of iron, heated red-hot is placed there. The sinner is forced to embrace it, while Yama’s servants flog the victim behind.

12

(13) Vajrakantakasali-(Embracing sharp images)– This Naraka is the punishment for Sinners who have unnatural intercourse with animals. Here, they are made to embrace iron images full of sharp diamond needles that pierce through their bodies.

13

(14) Vaitarani(River of Filth)– Rulers who abuse their power and adulterers are thrown here. It is the most terrible place of punishment. It is a river which is filled with human excreta, blood, hair, bones, nails, flesh and all kinds of dirty substances. There are various kinds of terrible beasts as well. Those who are cast into it are attacked and mauled by these creatures from all sides. The sinners have to spend the term of their punishment, feeding upon the contents of this river.

14

(15) Puyodakam (Well of hell)- This is a well filled with excreta, urine, blood, phlegm. Men who have intercourse and cheat women with no intention of marrying them are considered like animals. Those who wander about irresponsibly like animals are thrown in this well to get polluted by it’s contents. They are to remain here till their time is up.

(16) Pranarodham (Piece by Piece)– This Naraka is for those who keep dogs and other mean animals and constantly hunt and kill animals for food. Here the servants of Yama, gather around the sinners and cut them limb to limb while subjecting them to constant insult.

(17) Visasanam(Bashing from Clubs)– This Naraka is for the torture of those rich people who look down at the poor and spend excessively just to display their wealth and splendour. They have to remain here at the whole term of their punishment where they will be bashed non stop from heavy clubs from Yama’s Servants.

(18) Lalabhaksam-(River of semen)– This is the Naraka for lustful men. The lascivious fellow who makes his wife swallow his semen, is cast into this hell. Lalabhaksam is a sea of semen. The sinner lies in it, feeding upon semen alone until his period of punishment.

(19) Sarameyasanam(Torment from dogs)– Those guilty of unsocial acts like poisoning food, mass slaughter, ruining the country are cast into this hell. There is nothing but the flesh of dogs for food. There are thousands of dogs in this Naraka and they attack the sinners and tear their flesh from their bodies with their teeth.

(20) Avici( turned into dust)– This Naraka is for those who are guilty for false witness and false swearing. There are hurled from a great height and they are utterly smashed into dust when they reached the ground. They are again restored to life and the punishment is repeated till the end of their time.

(21) Ayahpanam(Drinking of burning substances)– Those who consume alcohol and other intoxicating drinks are sent here. The women are forced to drink melted iron in liquid form, whereas the men will be forced to drink hot liquid molten lava for every time they consume a alcoholic drink in their earthly lives.

(22) Raksobjaksam(Revenge attacks)– Those who do animal and human sacrifices and eat the flesh after the sacrifice will be thrown in this hell. All the living beings they killed before would be there and they will join together to attacking, biting, and mauling the sinners. Their cries and complaints would be no avail here.

(23) Sulaprotam(Trident Torture)– People who take the lives of others who have done no harm to them and those who deceives others by treachery are sent to this “Sulaportam” hell. Here they are impaled on a trident and they are forced to spend their whole term of their punishment in that position, suffering intense hunger and thirst, as well as enduring all the tortures inflicted on them.

(24) Ksharakardamam(hanged upside down) -Braggarts and those who insult good people are cast into this hell. Yama’s servants keep the sinners upside down and torture them in many ways.

(25) Dandasukam(eaten alive)– Sinners who persecute others like animals will be sent here. There are many beasts here. They will be eaten alive by this beasts.

(26) Vatarodham(weapon torture)– This hell is for those who persecute animals which live in forrests, mountain peaks and trees. After throwing them in this hell, sinners are tortured with fire, poison and various weapons during their time here in this Naraka.

(27) Paryavartanakam( torture from birds)– One who denies food to a hungry person and abuses him is thrown here. The moment the sinner arrives here ,his eyes are put by being pierced the beaks of birds like the crows and eagles. They will be pierced later on by this birds till the end of their punishment.

(28) Sucimukham(Tortured by needles)- Proud and Miserly people who refuse to spend money even for the basic necessities of life, like better food or buying food for their relations or friends will find their place in this hell. Those who do not repay the money they have borrowed will also be cast into this hell. Here, their bodies will be constantly be pricked and pierced by needles.

All the chapters of Garuda puranam is available here :- Garuda Purana

Sinners who have committed more than one of the sins listed above will be sent to all the various hell. once their period for one ends, the other will begin. Some of these Narakas have different punishments for the same sins. In the case of Adultery, sinners will go through all the levels of Narakas intended for the sin of Adultery

Narada – >

Those persons who are omniscient, who are conversant with the principles of creation and annihilation, who see everything and who are devoid of passionate attachment to anything are released from the bonds of karma.

Those who do not injure anybody or anything, whatsoever, mentally, verbally or physically and those who are not involved in anything are not bound by karma.

Those who refrain from violence to living beings, who possess good conduct and mercifulness, and who have equanimity to others’ hatred and love are released from the bonds of karma. They have self-control.

Those who are merciful to living beings, who are worthy of being trusted by living creatures and who have eschewed violent activities go to heaven.

Those who are indifferent to others’ assets, who always avoid other men’s wives and who enjoy the riches virtuously acquired by them go to heaven.

Those men who always associate with other men’s wives as though they were their own mothers, sisters and daughters go to heaven. 

Those who cling to their own wives, who carnally approach them only during the prescribed period after the days of menstruation and who never indulge themselves in vulgar lechery go to heaven.

Those who desist from stealth, who are content with their own wealth and who enjoy their own good luck go to heaven.

Those who view other men’s wives with eyes enveloped by chastity, who have conquered their sense organs and who value good conduct very much go to heaven.

Garuda Purana:- The Garuda Purana Translated by Ernest Wood and S.V. Subrahmanyam [1911] The text has been reformatted and rearranged at Hinduwebsite.com by Jayaram V. Part of the blog was taken from that site. If there is any offense occur then this blog will be removed. This text is in the publicdomain in the United States because it was published prior to January 1st, 1923. These files may be used for any non-commercial purpose, provided this notice of attribution is left intact in all copies.

Ravana – The Greatest Emperor of Asia

page5

History – In Brief

First let us look at what sources we have that tell us of Ravana’s History. He was the son of a Brahmin called ‘Vishrava’ and a princess called ‘Kaikesi’. When Kaikesi came of age to be married, her father ‘Sumali’ the king of the Daityas, wanted her to marry the most powerful and noble man in the world. He refused a lot of offers made by a number of prices and went to Vishrava instead. He agreed to marry Kaikesi. Yet, he told that Kaikesi approached her in the wrong time, and the children that were to be born to them will be bent towards evil.

Ravana was the eldest of the sons that they had. He was named “Dasagriva” or “Dashanana” since it is believed that he had ten heads. But this may be because he had the power and strength of ten men. Some say the ten heads were due to the reflections of a crystal necklace gifted to him by his father at the time of his birth or he had the mental strength of 10 people. Ravana had two brothers, Vibhishana and Kumbhakarna and one sister, Meenakshi (Later named Shoorpanakha).

2erte2

During Ravana’s time, the kingdom “Lanka” was divided between three rulers by the queen Mandratha. Namely Tharaka; who ruled from a location near the current day Kelaniya, Surapadma; who ruled from the southern parts near Tissamaharama. The third, Sinha-Mukha did not have a city to rule from. Thus he called upon the greatest architect and engineer of all time, Maya-Asura (Known to some as “Vishwakarma”) to build him the city “Lankapura”. (Legend says this is Atlantis itself)
But soon, the king Surapadma had a dispute with a foreign king and takes him into custody and brings him to Lanka. This triggers an event that shapes the history of the country. A prince named Kathira (Later renamed “Mahasena” because of bringing a great army), comes to Lanka (The place he set his armies is currently known as “Katharagama” –Kathira-Gama broken down–) and rescues the abducted prince by killing Surapadma. Unfortunately, during this time, Tharaka and Sinha-Mukha leave their strongholds and escape from the country. The country goes to the hands of a king named Kuvera (AKA Kubera), also known to be a son of Vishrava. (Ravana’s father)

It is then; Ravana overthrows the attacker Kuvera and secures the country and most importantly, the “Pushpaka”, the flying machine. Kuvera might not have known to use it, but Ravana who had much knowledge given to him by his father and his studies of the Vedas might have had an idea how to fly the thing. From the stories that are told about queen Devayani (Mentioned later) showing off the battle capabilities of the Pushpaka, Ravana might have figured out that it would be a great advantage to have such a craft.

He took the country into a period of utmost prosperity. It is rumoured that the poorest of the houses in the country had golden pots to feed from. The people knew not the meaning of hunger. It is this prosperous culture, did Rama decided to bring down, and it all happened because of a single female. (We still don’t know whether this abduction story is true)We think that was a some type tragedic incident.

Ravana 3Ravana’s last references are in the war that he made with Rama. He was quite an adversary to Rama. Given the fact that his knowledge of science and warrior tactics, Rama was no match for him. But the inside help Rama got from Vibhishana seems to have worked for him. If not for that, the story would have been told in a different manner.

Some argue that the abduction story is a setup done by Vibhishana himself to overthrow Ravana from his empire. The Ramayana states that Rama even winning his queen in a war, did not trust Seetha to be pure. But Seetha proved that she was pure and this fact also says that Ravana never even touched the woman when she was in Lanka. Why abduct her and then keep her till she says “Yes” when you can always do what you want by force. This is a serious question that we must seek answers to. We have seen political scandal stories all our life and of all the countries in the world, we must know how bad politicians become when they want power. Perhaps Vibhishana was overcome by his greed of the empire to force him into such an action.

Continue reading

1374292_580468432012218_2002536286_n

আমরা কি সঠিক ভাবে উত্তর দিতে পারি? আর এজন্য আমরা অন্যের কাছে হিন্দু ধর্ম কে হাসির পাত্র করি।

অনেকেই সনাতন ধর্মের মূর্তি পূজা নিয়ে প্রশ্ন করেন।এ প্রশ্ন যে শুধু অন্য ধর্মের লোকেরা করেন তাই নয় বরং অনেক সনাতন ধর্মাবলম্বীরাও করেন। আজ তাই আপনাদের মূর্তি পূজা কি এবং কেন করা হয় তা সনাতন দর্শনের আলোকে তুলে ধরব।

মূর্তি পূজার স্বরূপ জানতে হলে প্রথমে আমাদেরকে জানতে হবে ঈশ্বর ও দেবতা বলতে সনাতন দর্শনে কি বলা হয়েছে।

ঈশ্বর ও দেবতাঃ

প্রথমেই বলে রাখা দরকার সনাতন দর্শনে বহু ঈশ্বরবাদের স্থান নাই বরং আমরা একেশ্বরবাদে বিশ্বাসী।হিন্দু শাস্ত্র মতে , ঈশ্বর এক ও অদ্বিতীয়।সনাতন দর্শন বলে, ঈশ্বর স্বয়ম্ভূ অর্থাৎ ঈশ্বর নিজে থেকে উৎপন্ন, তার কোন স্রষ্টা নাই, তিনি নিজেই নিজের স্রষ্টা।আমাদের প্রাচীন ঋষিগন বলে গিয়েছেন, ঈশ্বরের কোন নির্দিষ্ট রূপ নেই(নিরাকার ব্রহ্ম) তাই তিনি অরূপ, তবে তিনি যে কোন রূপ ধারন করতে পারেন কারণ তিনিই বিশ্ব ব্রহ্মাণ্ডে সর্বময় ক্ষমতার অধিকারী।ঋকবেদে বলা আছে, ঈশ্বর ‘একমেবাদ্বিতীয়ম’- ঈশ্বর এক ও অদ্বিতীয়।ঈশ্বর বা ব্রহ্ম (ব্রহ্মা নন) সম্পর্কে আরও বলা হয়, ‘অবাংমনসগোচর’ অর্থাৎ ঈশ্বরকে কথা(বাক), মন বা চোখ দিয়ে ব্যাখ্যা করা যায় না, তিনি বাহ্য জগতের অতীত।ঈশ্বর সম্পর্কে ঋকবেদে বলা আছে-
‘একং সদ বিপ্রা বহুধা বদন্তি (ঋক-১/৬৪/৪৬) অর্থাৎ সেই এক ঈশ্বরকে পণ্ডিতগণ বহু নামে বলে থাকেন।
‘একং সন্তং বহুধন কল্পায়ন্তি’ (ঋক-১/১১৪/৫) অর্থাৎ সেই এক ঈশ্বরকে বহুরূপে কল্পনা করা হয়েছে।
‘দেবানাং পূর্বে যুগে হসতঃ সদাজায়ত’ (ঋক-১০/৭২/৭) অর্থাৎ দেবতারও পূর্বে সেই অব্যাক্ত(ঈশ্বর) হতে ব্যক্ত জগত উৎপন্ন হয়েছে।

ঈশ্বর এক কিন্তু দেবদেবী অনেক। তাহলে দেব দেবী কারা? মনে রাখতে হবে দেব দেবীগণ ঈশ্বর নন। ঈশ্বরকে বলা হয় নির্গুণ অর্থাৎ জগতের সব গুনের(quality) আধার তিনি। আবার ঈশ্বর সগুনও কারণ সর্ব শক্তিমান ঈশ্বর চাইলেই যে কোন গুনের অধিকারী হতে পারেন এবং সেই গুনের প্রকাশ তিনি ঘটাতে পারেন। দেব দেবীগন ঈশ্বরের এই সগুনের প্রকাশ।অর্থাৎ ঈশ্বরের এক একটি গুনের সাকার প্রকাশই দেবতা। ঈশ্বর নিরাকার কিন্তু তিনি যে কোন রূপে সাকার হতে পারেন আমাদের সামনে কারণ তিনি সর্ব ক্ষমতার অধিকারী। যদি আমরা বিশ্বাস করি ঈশ্বর সর্বশক্তিমান তাহলে নিরাকার ঈশ্বরের সাকার গুনের প্রকাশ খুবই স্বাভাবিক।তাই ঈশ্বরের শক্তির সগুন রূপ দুর্গা, কালী, পার্বতী;বিদ্যার সগুন রূপ সরস্বতী; ঐশ্বর্যের সগুন রূপ লক্ষ্মী, মৃত্যুর রূপ যম। তেমনি ঈশ্বর যখন সৃষ্টি করেন তখন ব্রহ্মা ( ব্রহ্ম নয়), যখন পালন করেন তখন বিষ্ণু আর প্রলয়রূপে শিব।এজন্য বলা হয়ে থাকে ঈশ্বরই ব্রহ্মা,তিনিই বিষ্ণু, তিনিই শিব। তাহলে আমারা এখন বুঝতে পারছি দেব দেবী অনেক হতে পারে কিন্তু ঈশ্বর এক এবং দেবতাগণ এই পরম ব্রহ্মেরই বিভিন্ন রূপ।তাই হিন্দুরা বহু দেবোপাসক(বস্তুত দেবোপাসনা ঈশ্বর উপাসনাই) হতে পারে তবে বহু ঈশ্বরবাদী নন।

এতক্ষন আপনাদেরকে বললাম ঈশ্বর আর দেবতার পার্থক্য। এখন বলব তাহলে আমরা কেন এ সকল দেব দেবীগণের মূর্তি পূজা করি।

মূর্তি পূজার রহস্যঃ

মানুষের মন স্বভাবতই চঞ্চল।পার্থিব জগতে আমাদের চঞ্চল মন নানা কামনা বাসনা দিয়ে আবদ্ধ। আমরা চাইলেই এই কামনা বাসনা বা কোন কিছু পাবার আকাংক্ষা থেকে মুক্ত হতে পারি না।(ধরুন একজন শিক্ষার্থী তাঁর শিক্ষা জীবনের বাসনা থাকে পরীক্ষায় প্রথম হউয়া।এ জন্য সে বিদ্যার দেবী সরস্বতীর আরাধনা করে।) তীব্র গতির এই মনকে সংযত করা, স্থির করার ব্যবস্থা করা হয় এই সগুন ঈশ্বরের বিভিন্ন রুপের মাধ্যমে।মনে রাখতে হবে আমরা কখনই ঈশ্বরের বিশালতা বা অসীমতা কে আমদের সসীম চিন্তা দিয়ে বুঝতে পারব না। বরং সর্বগুণময় ঈশ্বরের কয়েকটি বিশেষ গুনকেই বুঝতে পারব।আর এ রকম এক একটি গুনকে বুঝতে বুঝতে হয়ত কোন দিন সেই সর্ব গুণময়কে বুঝতে পারব।আর মূর্তি বা প্রতিমা হল এসকল গুনের রূপকল্প বা প্রতীক। এটা অনেকটা গনিতের সমস্যা সমাধানের জন্য ‘x’ ধরা। আদতে x কিছুই নয় কিন্তু এক্স ধরেই হয়ত আমরা গনিতের সমস্যার উত্তর পেয়ে যাই। অথবা ধরুন জ্যামিতির ক্ষেত্রে আমরা কোন কিছু বিন্দু দিয়ে শুরু করি। কিন্তু বিন্দুর সংজ্ঞা হল যার দৈর্ঘ, প্রস্থ ও বেধ নাই কিন্তু অবস্থিতি আছে – যা আসলে কল্পনা ছাড়া আর কিছু নয়।অথচ এই বিন্দুকে আশ্রয় করেই আমরা প্রশান্ত মহাসাগরের গভীরতা থেকে হিমালয়ের উচ্চতা সব মাপতে পারি। আবার ধরুন ভূগোল পড়ার সময় একটি গ্লোব রেখে কল্পনা করি এটা পৃথিবী আবার দেয়ালের ম্যাপ টানিয়ে বলি এটা লন্ডন, এটা ঢাকা এটা জাপান। কিন্তু ঐ গ্লোব বা ম্যাপ কি আসলে পৃথিবী? অথচ ওগুলো দেখেই আমরা পৃথিবী চিনছি।

তেমনি মূর্তির রূপ কল্পনা বা প্রতিমা স্বয়ং ঐসকল দেবতা নন তাঁদের প্রতীক, চিহ্ন বা রূপকল্প।এগুলো রূপকল্প হতে পারে কিন্তু তা মনকে স্থির করতে সাহায্য করে এবং ঈশ্বরের বিভিন্ন গুন সম্পর্কে ধারনা দেয়, শেখায় ঈশ্বর সত্য। সব শেষে পরম ব্রহ্মের কাছে পৌছাতে সাহায্য করে। হিন্দু ধর্মে পূজা একটি বৈশিষ্ট্য। কল্পনায় দাড়িয়ে সত্য উত্তরণই পূজার সার্থকতা। আমাদের ধর্মে ঈশ্বরের নিরাকার ও সাকার উভয় রূপের উপাসনার বিধান আছে।নিরাকার ঈশ্বরের কোন প্রতিমা নাই, থাকা সম্ভবও না। যারা ঈশ্বরের অব্যক্ত বা নিরাকার উপাসনা করেন তাঁদের বলে নিরাকারবাদি। আর যারা ঈশ্বরের সাকার রূপের উপাসনা করেন তাঁরা সাকারবাদি। এজন্য গীতায় বলা আছে, যারা নিরাকার, নির্গুণ ব্রহ্মের উপাসনা করেন তারাও ঈশ্বর প্রাপ্ত হন।তবে নির্গুণ উপাসকদের কষ্ট বেশি। কারণ নিরাকার ব্রহ্মে মনস্থির করা মানুষের পক্ষে খুবই ক্লেশকর।

তবে কি হিন্দুরা পৌত্তলিক ?

Continue reading

1269533_509948129096917_976517362_o

Ancient Indian UFO Once again EXPOSED THE WEST ! ! !

Pingala (Devanagari: पिङ्गल) is the author of Chandaḥśāstra (Chandaḥsūtra), the earliest known Sanskrit treatise on prosody.
Very less historical knowledge is available about Pingala, though his works are retained till date.
He is identified either as the younger brother of Pāṇini (4th century BCE), or of Patañjali, the author of the Mahabhashya (2nd century BCE).
Pingala Mathematician
His work, Chandaḥśāstra means science of meters, is a treatise on music and can be dated back to 2nd century BCE.
Main commentaries on ‘Chandaḥśāstra‘ are ‘Vrittaratnakara‘ by Kedara in 8th century AD, ‘Tatparyatika‘ by Trivikrama in 12th century AD and ‘Mritasanjivani‘ by Halayudha in 13th century AD. The complete significance of Pingala’s work can be understood by the explanations found in these three commentaries.

Pingala (in Chandaḥśāstra 8.23) has assigned the following combinations of zero and one to represent various numbers, much in the same way as the present day computer programming procedures.

0 0 0 0 numerical value = 1
1 0 0 0 numerical value = 2
0 1 0 0 numerical value = 3
1 1 0 0 numerical value = 4
0 0 1 0 numerical value = 5
1 0 1 0 numerical value = 6
0 1 1 0 numerical value = 7
1 1 1 0 numerical value = 8
0 0 0 1 numerical value = 9
1 0 0 1 numerical value = 10
0 1 0 1 numerical value = 11
1 1 0 1 numerical value = 12
0 0 1 1 numerical value = 13
1 0 1 1 numerical value = 14
0 1 1 1 numerical value = 15
1 1 1 1 numerical value = 16

Other numbers have also been assigned zero and one combinations likewise.
Pingala’s system of binary numbers starts with number one (and not zero). The numerical value is obtained by adding one to the sum of place values. In this system, the place value increases to the right, as against the modern notation in which it increases towards the left.

The procedure of Pingala system is as follows:

Divide the number by 2. If divisible write 1, otherwise write 0.
If first division yields 1 as remainder, add 1 and divide again by 2. If fully divisible, write 1, otherwise write 0 to the right of first 1.
If first division yields 0 as remainder that is, it is fully divisible, add 1 to the remaining number and divide by 2. If divisible, write 1, otherwise write 0 to the right of first 0.
This procedure is continued until 0 as final remainder is obtained.
Example to understand Pingala System of Binary Numbers :

Find Binary equivalent of 122 in Pingala System :

Divide 122 by 2. Divisible, so write 1 and remainder is 61. 1
Divide 61 by 2. Not Divisible and remainder is 30. So write 0 right to 1. 10
Add 1 to 61 and divide by 2 = 31.
Divide 31 by 2. Not Divisible and remainder is 16. So write 0 to the right. 100
Divide 16 by 2. Divisible and remainder is 8. So write 1 to right. 1001
Divide 8 by 2. Divisible and remainder is 4. So write 1 to right. 10011
Divide 4 by 2. Divisible and remainder is 2. So write 1 to right. 100111
Divide 2 by 2. Divisible. So place 1 to right. 1001111
Now we have 122 equivalent to 1001111.

Verify this by place value system : 1×1 + 0×2 + 0×4 + 1×8 + 1×16 + 1×32 + 1×64 = 64+32+16+8+1 = 121
By adding 1(which we added while dividing 61) to 121 = 122, which is our desired number.
In Pingala system, 122 can be written as 1001111.

Though this system is not exact equivalent of today’s binary system used, it is very much similar with its place value system having 20, 20, 21, 22, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26 etc used to multiple binary numbers sequence and obtain equivalent decimal number.

Reference : Chandaḥśāstra (8.24-25) describes above method of obtaining binary equivalent of any decimal number in detail.
These were used 1600 years before westeners invented binary system.

According to Hinduism:-

Kalki

According to Hindu mythology, Kalki or thetenth ‘Avatar’ of Vishnu, is the last of his forms. After this Lord Shiva will bring about destruction in the form of floods, earthquakes, huge waves in the oceans and disintegration of mountains.
In Hindu eschatology, time is cyclic and consists of kalpas. Each lasts 4.1 – 8.2 billion years, which is a period of one full day and night for Brahma, who will be alive for 311 trillion, 40 billion years. Within a kalpa there are periods of creation, preservation and decline. After this larger cycle, all of creation will contract to a singularity and then again will expand from that single point, as the ages continue in a religious fractal pattern.

Within the current kalpa, there are four epochs that encompass the cycle. They progress from a beginning of complete purity to a descent into total corruption. The last of the four ages is Kali Yuga, our current time, during which will be characterized by impiety, violence and decay.

In Hinduism, the universe was created during the ‘Satya Yuga’ and will be destroyed in the ‘Kali Yug’. There are four yugas or eras in all. The Sat Yuga, the Treta Yug, the Dwapar Yug and the Kali Yug. And the cycle is repeated again.
The Sat Yuga lasts for a period of 1,728,000 years, followed by Treta, which lasts for 1,296,000n years. Then comes Dwapar Yug which lasts for 864,000 and finally Kali yug for 432,000 years. Kali yug began in 3102 B.C. People who are staunch supporters of the Scientific Theory and who feel that 2012 is going to be the end of the world. They quote the ‘Puranas’ or ancient chronicles, saying that Lord Krishnahad predicted the end of the Kali yug after 5000 years. This coincides with 2012, although traditional scriptures stick to 432,000 years. But the belief that Kali Yug will end with total annihilation is accepted by all.
The four pillars of dharma will be reduced to one, with charity being all that remains. As written in the Gita: –

“Yadaa Yadaa hi Dharmasya Glaanir bhavati Bhaarata
Abhyuthaanam Adharmasya Tadaatmaanam Srjaamy Aham”

——“Whenever there is decay of righteousness O! Bharatha
And a rise of unrighteousness then I manifest Myself”

At this time of chaos, the final avatar, Kalki, will appear on a white horse. The eight Adityas, or solar deities, will shine together in the sky. Kalki will amass an army to “establish righteousness upon the earth” and leave “the minds of the people as pure as crystal.”

At the completion of Kali Yuga, the next cycle will begin with a new Satya Yuga, in which all will once again be righteous with the reestablishment of dharma. This, in turn, will be followed by epochs of Treta Yuga, Dwapara Yuga and again another Kali Yuga. This cycle will then repeat till the larger cycle of existence under Brahma returns to the singularity, and a new universe is born.

The signs are Mahapralaya:- 

1. There will be a rain of fire. Following this a strange thing will happen. 20 feet tall humans will appear and claim to be Kalki.
2. A huge comet will be born in the south; several people will die due to this.
3. Mammary glands will be born to the males of Cow, Goat, etc. and people will get milk from them.
4. Tigers will disappear completely from the forests.
5. The Sun will appear like a green colored human being.
6. Moon will be seen on a new moon day.
7. Wealth will arrive from other countries to India and India will be very rich and powerful.
8. Stones will break and fly about like crows and eagles; Stone horses and chariots will start to run.
9. Blood and pus will flow out from stones.
10. It will rain blood.

According to Christianity:-

Continue reading

969425_288901011253223_1124331605_n

Vaastu shastra, an ancient art and science of Indian architecture, explains the practices of constructing buildings which ensures a harmony between man and the five elements and thereby bring all round peace, health, wealth and prosperity. Vaastu Shastra is a Sanskrit name, where ‘vaastu’ means nature, surrounding or environment, and ‘shastra’ means science. Vaastu Shastra evolved during Vedic times in India. Excerpted from the Stapatya Veda, a part of the Atharva Veda. It is believed that Mayan, the great architect of ancient India, was the author of Vaastu Shastra.

Vastu study acquires a complete command over the knowledge of directions. As per Vaasthu shashtra rules, the point at which two different directions meet, it is more powerful, as it combines the forces coming from two distinctive directions. Vastu shashtra is the scientific study of directions that takes into consideration that everything in the universe is constructed by the five elements called Panchamabhoota (earth, water, fire, air and space) and that gravitational and magnetic effects and rotational influences of planets and other celestial bodies with cosmic rays, affects us and controls the way we live.

Vaastu as the actual physical manifestation of the dwelling is categorized into four

Bhoomi – the dwelling place or the main structural ground
Prasada – the structures on the earth
Yaana – movable objects like vehicles, etc.
Sayana – furniture

These categories suggests that the principles of Vaastu Shastra extend from property selection, planning and orientation to zonal segmentation and disposition of rooms, proportional relationships between the various parts of buildings and the character of buildings. Vaastu considered as a science forms the basis of each construction and experts who deal with it recommend that it has to be followed from the initial level of choosing a plot, construction of the house, interior decoration to the final stage of relocating to the house.

The principles of Vaastu are derived from Vaastu Purush Mandala; a man lying with his head-pointing North-East, in a grid of 64 squares dedicated to different Gods. Vaastu Purusha is present in each and every plot whether it is big or small. He has a fixed and peculiar body.

According to Vaastu Shastra, after we have a selected a plot/ house we have to consider its Vaastu Purusha Mandala. Vaastu Purusha Mandala is the basic model on which the house is based. ‘Vaastu’ means environment, ‘Purush’ means energy, ‘Mandala’ means the astrological chart which relates the layout to the orientation. Just like the earth with its magnetic field is centered to its core, the plot should have everything epic centered to it, in the concept of Vaastu Purush Mandala. We should consider the plot and all the items in it having a mystic power, like the earth, items within the earth and its planets.

Today, Vaastu Shastra is looked upon as a highly evolved, building philosophy in which directions and shapes are the most vital aspects of designing. The four directions of the plot are decided, based on the epic centre of the plot.

942472_505208092888519_1863562359_n

Buddha was walking into the city market one day and near the city entrance an old bitter man was sitting on a box glaring at Buddha, who carried a bright smile on his face. At the sight of him this old man started cursing Buddha up and down, left right and center, telling him how pretentious he was, how much better he thought he was and how he did nothing worthy of the air he breathed in this world. But Buddha simply smiled and kept on walking to the market to get what he needed.

The Next day Buddha returned to the market and once again that old man was there, this time his cursing intensified, screaming and yelling at Buddha as he walked by, cursing his mother, cursing his father and everyone else in his life.

This went on for the rest of the week and finally as the Buddha was leaving the market the man came up to him, as his curiosity had simply gotten the best of him.

“Buddha, every day you come here smiling and every day I curse your name, I curse your family and everything you believe in” the old man says ” but every day you enter this city with a smile knowing that I await you with my harsh tongue, and everyday you leave through the same entrance with that same smile. I know by speaking to you now that you are not deaf, why do you keep on smiling while I do nothing but scream the worst things I can think of to your face?”

Buddha, with the same smile still on his face looks at the old man and asks “If I were to bring you a gift tomorrow morning all wrapped up in a beautiful box would you accept it?” to which the old man replies “Absolutely not, I would take nothing from the likes of you!”. “Ah ha” the Buddha replies “Well if I were to offer you this gift and you were to refuse then who would this gift belong to?”. “It would still belong to you of course” answers the old man. “And so the same goes with your anger, when I choose not to accept your gift of anger , does it not then remain your own?”

524007_555109651214763_99233419_n

বৈদিক ভ্রুনবিদ্যা(Embryology)

চিকিত্‍সাবিজ্ঞান অধ্যায়নরত প্রতিটি ব্যক্তি যখন ভ্রুনবিদ্যা অর্থাত্‍ মাতৃজঠরে একটি বিন্দুসম কোষ থেকে কি করে একটি পূর্ন মানবসন্তান অস্তিত্ববান হয় তার বর্ননা পড়েন তখন নিশ্চিতভাবেই তিনি পুনঃপুনঃ বিস্মিত হন; কি অপূর্ব,কি নিঁখুত এক আশ্চর্য প্রনালী যার বিবরন পিয়ানো হাতে মায়েস্ত্রোর মত দিয়ে গেছেন মানব উত্‍কর্ষের শ্রেষ্ঠ নিদর্শন বিজ্ঞানীগন।আর আধুনিক গবেষনামূলক বিজ্ঞানের এই ছোঁয়া যদি পাওয়া যায় হাজারো বছর প্রাচীন ঋষিদের লিখিত বৈদিক উপনিষদে তাহলে সেই বিস্ময় তো দিগন্ত ছাড়াতে বাধ্য।

ঠিক এভাবেই বিস্মিত হতে হয় মহর্ষি মহিদাস এর লিখিত ঋগ্বেদীয় ঐতরেয় উপনিষদ পড়তে গেলে।মানুষ সৃষ্টির কথা সংক্ষেপে বলতে গিয়ে তিনি অসাধারন দক্ষতায় ফুটিয়ে তুলেছেন জড়ায়ুতে একটি ভ্রুনের বিবর্তন প্রক্রিয়া,এর লিঙ্গ নির্ধারনের নিয়ামক।

কিছুকাল আগেও অনগ্রসর সমাজে পুত্র বা কন্যাসন্তান জন্মের বিবাদে নারীদেরকেই দায়ী করা হত,আর এতে করে পারিবারিক কলহ থেকে শুরু করে নারী নির্যাতনসহ ঘটে যেত নানা অনাচার যতদিন পর্যন্ত না আধুনিক বিজ্ঞান আবিস্কার করল যে পুরুষ শুক্রানুর X ক্রোমোসোমের উপস্থিতি বা অনুপস্থিতিই সন্তানের লিঙ্গ নির্ধারক,নারীর এতে কোন ভূমিকা নেই।

ঐতরেয় উপনিষদ এর দ্বিতীয় অধ্যয়ের প্রথম মন্ত্রে ঋষি মহিদাস বলেছেন,
“পুরুষে হ বা অয়মাদিতো গর্ভো ভবাতি।”
অর্থাত্‍ নিশ্চয়ই এই শিশু(প্রকৃতি) প্রথমেই পুরুষ বীর্যে ভবাতি বা স্থাপিত হয়।
অর্থাত্‍ মন্ত্রটি স্পষ্টত ব্যখ্যা করছে শুক্রানুর মাধ্যমেই সন্তানের প্রকৃতি অর্থাত্‍ তা ছেলে হবে না মেয়ে হবে তা নির্ধারিত হয়।

এখন নজর দেয়া যাক ভ্রুনের বৃদ্ধি প্রক্রিয়ার দিকে।আধুনিক বিজ্ঞান বলছে জাইগোট তৈরীর ৩২ দিনের মাথায় ভ্রুনে মাথা এবং মুখের সমন্বিতরুপ Stomodium দেখা যায়।পঞ্চম সপ্তাহে অলফ্যক্টরি প্ল্যকোড অর্থাত্‍ ঘ্রানসম্পর্কিত ইন্দ্রিয় এর উত্‍পন্ন হয়।এরইমধ্যে মুখের মধ্যে পেলেট,টাঙ,ভোকাল কর্ড তৈরী হয়।
আধুনিক ভ্রুনবিদ্যা অনুসারে এই সময়ে ১২মি.মি. দীর্ঘ ভ্রুনে মুখ,নাসারন্ধ্র দেখা গেলেও কোন চোখের উত্‍পত্তি হয়না।ভ্রুন বৃদ্ধি পেয়ে ১৪ মি.মি. হলে তাতে চোখ দেখা যায় তবে কান এর উত্‍পত্তি হয় আরো পরে।
এইসব ই হয় দ্বিতীয় মাসের মধ্যে।৮-৯ সপ্তাহে Integumentary system অর্থাত্‍ ত্বকীয় তন্ত্রের এপিডার্মিস এর উত্‍পত্তি শুরু হয়।আবার ১৯৭২ সালের ডিসেম্বর মাসে ইংল্যন্ডের গ্লাসগোতে অবস্থিত কুইনস মাদার হসপিটালের ডা.রবিনসন ডায়াসোনার এপারেটাস এর সাহায্যে প্রমান করেন যে উপরোক্ত বর্ননাসমূহের অব্যবহিত পরেই দ্বিতীয় মাসের শেষে জড়ায়ুস্থ সন্তানের হৃদপিন্ডের সঞ্চালন শুরু হয়।

তাহলে আধুনিক বিজ্ঞানের বর্ননা অনুযায়ী ক্রমটা দাড়াচ্ছে এরকম-
মুখ>ভোকাল কর্ড>নাক>চোখ>কান> ত্বক>হৃদপিন্ড।

ঐতরেয় উপনিষদ এর প্রথম অধ্যয়ের প্রথম খন্ডের চার নং মন্ত্রটি দেখে নেয়া যাক-
“….যথান্ডম মুখাদ্বাগ(মুখাত্‍ বাক) বাচোহগ্নির্নাসিকে নিরভিদ্যেতাং নাসিকাভ্যাং প্রাণঃ প্রানাদ্বায়ুরক্ষিনী নিরভিদ্যেতামক্ষিভ্যাং চক্ষুশ্চ্ক্ষুষ আদিত্যঃ কর্ণৌ নিরভিদ্যেতাং কর্ণাভ্যাং শ্রোত্রং নিরভিদ্যত ত্বচো….হৃদয়ং নিরভিদ্যত হৃদয়া…”

অর্থাত্‍,প্রথম মুখ বেরিয়ে এল,মুখ থেকে বাক(Vocal cord) এর উত্‍পত্তি।এরপর নাসিকার দুটি ছিদ্র হল(নাসারন্ধ্র),পরে চক্ষুর দুটি ছিদ্র প্রকট হল।তারপর কর্ণের দুটি ছিদ্র বেরিয়ে এল এবং এরপরেই চর্ম প্রকটিত হল।তার হৃদয়(হৃদপিন্ড) প্রকট হয়।

তাহলে মন্ত্রটি অনুযায়ী আমরা পেলাম,
মুখ>বাক(Vocal cord)>নাকে>চক্ষু>কান>ত্বক>হৃদপিন্ড!

এভাবেই সেই প্রাচীন যুগের অরন্যে ধ্যনাবস্থিত ঋষিগন প্রকাশ করে গেছেন আপ্ত সত্যের বাণী,গড়ে দিয়েছেন এক অনন্য সভ্যতা,মহান বৈদিক সভ্যতা।

In India, colours play a very important role in religion and cultures, showing a very deep significance that transcends purely decorative values. Artists use color on the deities and their dresses signifying their qualities. Proper use of colors creates an environment, which should keep a person cheerful. Some of the main colors used in religious ceremonies are red, yellow (turmeric), green from leaves, white from wheat flour. etc. The main color that most Eastern religions and cultures use is Saffron.

Hinduism:
If there is any colour that symbolizes all aspects of Hinduism, it is Saffron – the colour of Agni or fire. Fire burns away the darkness and brings light and it is symbolic of knowledge burning ignorance. Fire also shows the spirit of Yagna (Ritual of the sacred fire) which is important to Self knowledge. As such, the fire altar is regarded as a distinct symbol of ancient Vedic rites.

A colour of purity, it represents religious abstinence, purging and resultant purity. It is the colour of saints and ascetics, those who have renounced the world. Wearing saffron colour symbolizes the quest for Knowledge of Godhead.

In symbolism, Saffron comprises of the colours of Sun, Mars and Jupiter that relates to:
Driving the Desire (Mars) for Truth or Moksha, liberation (Sun) with the help of knowledge and one who dispels it (Jupiter).

When sages moved from one ashram to another, it was customary to carry fire along. The inconvenience to carry a burning substance over long distances may have given rise to the symbol of a saffron flag. Triangular and often forked saffron flags are seen fluttering atop most Sikh and Hindu temples.

It is the color of holy men and ascetics who have renounced the world. Wearing the color symbolizes the quest for light. It is the battle color of the Rajputs, the warrior caste.

Buddhism:
In Buddhism, Saffron is the color of illumination, the highest state of perfection. The saffron colors of robes to be worn by monks were defined by the Buddha himself and his followers in the 5th century B.C. The robe and its color is a sign of renunciation of the outside world and commitment to the order. The candidate monk, with his master, first appears before the monks of the monastery in his own clothes, with his new robe under his arm and asks to enter the order. He then takes his vows, puts on the robes, and with his begging bowl, goes out to the world. Thereafter, he spends his mornings begging and his afternoons in contemplation and study, either in a forest, garden, or in the monastery.

Sikhism:
In Sikhism, orange or saffron appears in the form of Nishan Sahibs (the Sikh flag), the cholas (warrior attire) worn by Panj Pyaray and Sikh turbans. This is the colour of deep joy and bliss. It absorbs shocks, nasty experiences and trauma. It’s about letting go of what holds us back or what is not helpful. Orange is the colour of connection, a sense of community, belonging and social aspects of being.

Saffron is also one of the three colours in the Indian flag, signifying courage and selflessness. India has a history of brave and loyal freedom fighters. Saffron indicates the strength of this nation and its will to give away all for the benefit of its people.