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পুরাণ প্রায় ১৫০০ বছর আগে রচিত। এই পুরাণে কলিযু‌গ কেমন হবে সে সম্পর্কে বেশ কিছু কথা বলা হয়েছে। হিন্দু শাস্ত্রমতে এখন কলিযুগই চলছে।

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প্রাচীন হিন্দু শাস্ত্রের যে ১০টি ভবিষ্যতবাণী

ভাগবৎ পুরাণ হিন্দুধর্মের অষ্টাদশ পুরাণের একটি। এই পুরাণে কলিযু‌গ কেমন হবে সে সম্পর্কে বেশ কিছু কথা বলা হয়েছে। হিন্দু শাস্ত্রমতে এখন কলিযুগই চলছে। বর্তমান সময়ের দিকে তাকালে কলিযুগ সম্পর্কে ভাগবতের এইসব ভবিষ্যৎবাণীর অনেকগুলিই সত্য বলে মনে হবে। সেরকমই কয়েকটি ভবিষ্যতবাণীর কথা রইল এখানে—

১. ধর্ম, সত্যবাদিতা, সহিষ্ণুতা, দয়া— এই সবই কলিযুগে মানুষের হৃদয় থেকে লোপ পাবে।
(শ্রীমদভাগবৎ, ১২.২.১.)

২. কলিযুগে অর্থই মানুষের সামাজিক সম্মানের একমাত্র নির্ণায়ক হয়ে দাঁড়াবে।
(শ্রীমদভাগবৎ, ১২.২.২.)

৩. যৌনক্ষমতার ভিত্তিতেই নারীর নারীত্ব এবং পুরুষের পুরুষত্ব নির্ধারিত হবে কলিযু‌গে।
(শ্রীমদভাগবৎ, ১২.২.৩.)

৪. কি‌ছু বাহ্যিক আচারবিচারের ওপরেই মানুষের আধ্যাত্মিক অবস্থান নির্ভর করবে।
(শ্রীমদভাগবৎ, ১২.২.৪.)

৫. দরিদ্র মানুষকে অপবিত্র মনে করা হবে, এবং শঠতা গুণ বলে বিবেচিত হবে।
(শ্রীমদভাগবৎ, ১২.২.৫.)

৬. ধর্মচর্চার একমাত্র লক্ষ্য হয়ে দাঁড়াবে সামাজিক সুনাম অর্জন।
(শ্রীমদভাগবৎ, ১২.২.৬.)

৭. দুর্নীতিপরায়ণ মানুষদের মধ্যে যে সবচেয়ে নিকৃষ্ট সে-ই অর্জন করবে রাজনৈতিক ক্ষমতা।
(শ্রীমদভাগবৎ, ১২.২.৭.)

৮. খরার পীড়নে মানুষ সর্বস্বান্ত হবে।
(শ্রীমদভাগবৎ, ১২.২.৮.)

৯. অতিরিক্ত গরম বা অতিরিক্ত ঠাণ্ডা এবং রোগ, ব্যাধি ও মানসিক অশান্তির তাড়নায় মানুষের জীবন অতিষ্ঠ হয়ে উঠবে।
(শ্রীমদভাগবৎ, ১২.২.৯.)

১০. অসচ্চিরত্র মানুষ ধার্মিকের ভেক ধরে অর্থ উপার্জন করবে কলিযুগে।
(শ্রীমদভাগবৎ, ১২.২.৩৮.)

Background:- In the beginning of 1891 (most probably February 1891) Vivekananda reached Alwar (currently a district in Rajasthan) where he met the king of the state Maharaja Mangal Singh Bahadur or Mangal Singh. The meeting between Swami Vivekananda and Mangal Singh and the conversation between them has historical significance and has been discussed and analysed by various scholars and biographers. In this post, we’ll talk about that meeting between Mangal Singh and Vivekananda.

Mangal Singh Bahadur, the king of Alwar was Westernised in his outlooks and had no respect for Indian and specially Hindu culture and traditions and used to feel proud for his attitude. He used to spend all his time in the company of Westerners, in hunting and other luxuries.

Incident:- Mangal Singh told vivekananda — “The idols you worship are nothing but piece of clay, stones or metals. I find this idol-worship “meaningless””.

The Wanderig monk

It was a direct attack on Hindu belief and Vivekananda had to give a strong reply to it. He started explaining to the king that Hindus worship God alone, using the idol as symbol. But his reply failed to convince Singh. Thereupon, Vivekananda saw a portrait hanging in the wall of the court. Vivekananda approached towards the painting, looked at it, and asked thedewan of the court to take it down from the wall. It was a painting of Singh’s deceased father. When the dewan took the picture down from the wall, Vivekananda asked him to spit on it. All were taken back, The dewan was horrified. The king was furious, “How dare you ask him to spit on my father?”, he cried, in a tone of demanding an explanation.

Vivekananda saw, the king was gripped. He smiled and quietly replied, “Your father, where is he?  It is a just a painting— a piece of paper, not your father.”

Vivekananda’s reply followed the logic of the king’s previous comment on Hindu idols. So, he was perplexed and speechless and did not know what to say.

Vivekananda once again started explaining to him, “Look Maharaja, this is a painting of you father, but when you look at it, it reminds you about him, here the painting is a “symbol”.
Similarly when a Hindu worshipper worships an idol, the idol reminds him about his beloved deity and he feels the presence of the deity in the idol. Here too it is a “symbol”. Maharaja, it is all about anubhuti (feelings and realization).

Now Mangal Singh quickly realized the real meaning of idol worship. He apologized to Vivekananda for his frivolity and rudeness and thanked him for giving him the lesson. He also requested Vivekananda to stay at his palace for few days.

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A song about a person who is looking for God, doing the best he can do in life, and yet not getting what he wishes for, as he desperately asks God where He is.

 

I’ve heard that you run the whole world,
Listen to my prayer too, my home calls me,
O Lord, where are you? O God, where are you?

I have heard that you show the path to the lost hearts,
I am lost too, my home calls me back..
O Lord, where are you? O God, where are you?

Should I worship you , or should I offer you a namaaz
Should I offer an ardaas
You are neither found in the temple, nor in the Church,
my tired eyes look for you…

all the customs that are there (to find you), I follow them all,
I bow my head to you, like these crores,
O Lord, where are you? O God, where are you?

You have many names, you have many faces,
there are many ways to find you..
I walked on all those paths, but couldn’t find you..
I didn’t understand what is it that you want..

I keep on trying, without thinking or understanding,
I follow your insistence with all due respect..
O Lord, where are you? O God, where are you?

Feluda Collection

Feature Films:- 

Doorbeen (2014) yet to be come:-

Royal Bengal Rohosso (2011):-

Gorosthaney Sabdhan (2010) :-

Tintorettor Jishu (2008):-

Kailashey Kelenkari (2007):-

Bombaiyer Bombete (2003):-

Baksho Rahashya (2001):-

Joi Baba Felunath (1979):-

Sonar Kella (1974):-

Television Films:-

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Garuda

Wrong doings

Punishment given in Naraka

Thamisra Stealing other’s property including wife, children and belongings Thrashing with the weapon, gada
Andhathamisra Post marital cheating between husband and wife Unconscious circulation in abyss
Rourava Destroying, splitting other’s family and their belongings Spanking the Life organs with trident by Yama kinkaras
Maharourava Brutally destroying other’s property and family for the sake of acquisition A wild animal, Ruru, tortures them in various forms
Kumbhipaka Destroying innocent lives for food Roasting in hot oil tank by yama kinkaras
Kalasuthra Torturing and putting elders & parents in starvation Same set of treatment in hell
asipathra Abetting God and devolve from Dharma practices Torture by evil spirits; results in fear
Sukaramukha Punishing innocent people and accomplice unlawful activities Grinding under the sharp teeth of an animal resembling pig
Anthakoopa Torturing lives and inhumane activities Biting by wild animals; Run over by wild animals
Agnikunda Snatching other’s property by force, gaining undue advantage and unlawfully making best out of everything in the world Roasting in agni kunda in inverted position with hands and legs ties under a stick
Vajrakandaka Unchaste people in physical contact with unmatching people Physical hugging with fire spitting idols
Krimibhojana Selfish survival; eating other’s work Insects are left intruding the body
Salmali Unchaste relationships by kamukas Thrashing with gada
Vaitharani Using official stature to attain undue advantage, acting against dharma Submerging in Vaitarna river where water is mixed with blood, urine and feces
Puyoda Shameless behaviour, mixing with unchaste women & leading the life without any motive Biting by poisonous insects and animals
Pranarodha Torturing lives and killing them Spanking the Life organs with arrows by Yama kinkaras
Pasusava Torturing cows (in which are all devatas) Slashing by canes
Sarameyadana Gutting houses, torturing lives, poisoning lives, involving in massacre Torture by unknown wild animals
Aveechi Giving false evidence Submerging and torturing in livebodies
Paribathana Drinking and making others drink alcohol Drinking lava
Ksharakarddama Involving in bad activities and defaming elders and living with selfish motives Torture the Life organs by unknown spirits
Rakshogana Performing naramedha yaga, eating non vegetarian dishes and torturing soft animals The same victims torture the hecklers
Shulaprota Killing innocent people, masterminding people, committing suicide and betraying a person’s trust. Unknown birds peck and torture with shula
Suchimukha Not doing any good, amassing wealth by wrong doings and stealing wealth Stinging with nails and torturing with hunger and thirst
Kunthasootha Not doing any good and always doing bad to others Stinging by insects like scorpions
Vadaroga Severely torturing living beings Handcuffed and burnt in fire
Paryavarthana Defaming guests and not treating them Torturing with hunger and thirst
Lalabhakshaka Torturing wife / husband and involving her / him in unchaste relationships Same set of treatment in hell

Sinners are sent to the Various Narakas(Hells) by Yamadharma according to their nature and seriousness of their Sins. There is a total of 28 Narakas. They are:–

(1) Tamisram(Heavy flogging)-Those who rob others of their wealth are bound with ropes by Yama’s Servants and cast into the Naraka known as Tamisram. There, they are given a thrashing until they bleed and faint. When they recover their senses, the beating is repeated. This is done until their time is up.

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(2) Andhatamtrsam(Flogging)-This Hell is reserved for the Husband or the Wife who only treat their spouses well when they are to profit or pleasure to them. Those who forsake their wives and husbands for no apparent reasons are also sent here. The punishment is almost the same as Tamisram, but the excruciating pain, suffered by the victims on being tied fast, makes them fall down senseless.

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(3) Rauravam(torment of snakes)– This is the hell for sinners who seize and enjoy another man’s property or resources. When these people are thrown into this hell, those whom they have cheated, assume the the shape of “Ruru”, a dreadful serpent. The serpent(s) will torment them severely until their time is up.

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(4) Mahararuravam(death by snakes)– Here there is also Ruru serpents but more fiercer. Those who deny the legitimate heirs, their inheritance and possess and enjoy others property will be squeezed and bitten non stop by this terrible serpents coiling around them. Those who steal another man’s wife or lover will also be thrown here.

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(5) Kumbhipakam(cooked by oil)– This is the hell for those who kill animals for pleasure. Here oil is kept boiled in huge vessels and sinners are plunged in this vessels.

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(6) Kalasutram( Hot as hell)– This hell is terribly hot. Those who don’t respect their elders esp. when their elders have done their duties are sent here. Here they are made to run around in this unbearable heat and drop down exhausted from time to time.

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(7) Asitapatram(sharp flogging)– This is the hell in which sinners abandon one’s own duty. They are flogged by Yama’s Servants with whips made of asipatra (sharp-edged sword-shaped leaves). If they run about under the flogging, they will trip over the stones and thorns, to fall on their faces. Then they are stabbed with knives until they drop unconscious, When they recover, the same process is repeated until their time is up in this Naraka.

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(8)Sukaramukham(Crushed and tormented)– Rulers who neglect their duties and oppress their subjects by misrule, are punished in this hell. They are crushed to a pulp by heavy beating.When they recover, it is repeated until their time is up.

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(9) Andhakupam( Attack of the animals)- This is hell for those who oppress the good people and not helping them if requested despite having the resources. They will be pushed into a well, where beasts like Lions, tigers, eagles and venomous creatures like snakes and scorpions. The sinners have to endure the constant attacks of this creatures until the expiry of the period of their punishment.

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(10) Taptamurti( Burnt Alive)– Those who plunder or steal Gold and jewels are cast into the furnaces of this Naraka which always remains hot in blazing fire.

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(11) Krimibhojanam(Food for worms)– Those who do not honour their Guests and make use of men or women only for their own gain, are thrown into this Naraka. Worms, insects and serpents eat them alive. Once their bodies are completely eaten up, the sinners are provided with new bodies, which are also eaten up in the above manner. This continues, till the end of their term of punishment.

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(12) Salmali(Embracing hot images)-This Naraka is intended for men and women who have committed adultery. A figure made of iron, heated red-hot is placed there. The sinner is forced to embrace it, while Yama’s servants flog the victim behind.

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(13) Vajrakantakasali-(Embracing sharp images)– This Naraka is the punishment for Sinners who have unnatural intercourse with animals. Here, they are made to embrace iron images full of sharp diamond needles that pierce through their bodies.

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(14) Vaitarani(River of Filth)– Rulers who abuse their power and adulterers are thrown here. It is the most terrible place of punishment. It is a river which is filled with human excreta, blood, hair, bones, nails, flesh and all kinds of dirty substances. There are various kinds of terrible beasts as well. Those who are cast into it are attacked and mauled by these creatures from all sides. The sinners have to spend the term of their punishment, feeding upon the contents of this river.

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(15) Puyodakam (Well of hell)- This is a well filled with excreta, urine, blood, phlegm. Men who have intercourse and cheat women with no intention of marrying them are considered like animals. Those who wander about irresponsibly like animals are thrown in this well to get polluted by it’s contents. They are to remain here till their time is up.

(16) Pranarodham (Piece by Piece)– This Naraka is for those who keep dogs and other mean animals and constantly hunt and kill animals for food. Here the servants of Yama, gather around the sinners and cut them limb to limb while subjecting them to constant insult.

(17) Visasanam(Bashing from Clubs)– This Naraka is for the torture of those rich people who look down at the poor and spend excessively just to display their wealth and splendour. They have to remain here at the whole term of their punishment where they will be bashed non stop from heavy clubs from Yama’s Servants.

(18) Lalabhaksam-(River of semen)– This is the Naraka for lustful men. The lascivious fellow who makes his wife swallow his semen, is cast into this hell. Lalabhaksam is a sea of semen. The sinner lies in it, feeding upon semen alone until his period of punishment.

(19) Sarameyasanam(Torment from dogs)– Those guilty of unsocial acts like poisoning food, mass slaughter, ruining the country are cast into this hell. There is nothing but the flesh of dogs for food. There are thousands of dogs in this Naraka and they attack the sinners and tear their flesh from their bodies with their teeth.

(20) Avici( turned into dust)– This Naraka is for those who are guilty for false witness and false swearing. There are hurled from a great height and they are utterly smashed into dust when they reached the ground. They are again restored to life and the punishment is repeated till the end of their time.

(21) Ayahpanam(Drinking of burning substances)– Those who consume alcohol and other intoxicating drinks are sent here. The women are forced to drink melted iron in liquid form, whereas the men will be forced to drink hot liquid molten lava for every time they consume a alcoholic drink in their earthly lives.

(22) Raksobjaksam(Revenge attacks)– Those who do animal and human sacrifices and eat the flesh after the sacrifice will be thrown in this hell. All the living beings they killed before would be there and they will join together to attacking, biting, and mauling the sinners. Their cries and complaints would be no avail here.

(23) Sulaprotam(Trident Torture)– People who take the lives of others who have done no harm to them and those who deceives others by treachery are sent to this “Sulaportam” hell. Here they are impaled on a trident and they are forced to spend their whole term of their punishment in that position, suffering intense hunger and thirst, as well as enduring all the tortures inflicted on them.

(24) Ksharakardamam(hanged upside down) -Braggarts and those who insult good people are cast into this hell. Yama’s servants keep the sinners upside down and torture them in many ways.

(25) Dandasukam(eaten alive)– Sinners who persecute others like animals will be sent here. There are many beasts here. They will be eaten alive by this beasts.

(26) Vatarodham(weapon torture)– This hell is for those who persecute animals which live in forrests, mountain peaks and trees. After throwing them in this hell, sinners are tortured with fire, poison and various weapons during their time here in this Naraka.

(27) Paryavartanakam( torture from birds)– One who denies food to a hungry person and abuses him is thrown here. The moment the sinner arrives here ,his eyes are put by being pierced the beaks of birds like the crows and eagles. They will be pierced later on by this birds till the end of their punishment.

(28) Sucimukham(Tortured by needles)- Proud and Miserly people who refuse to spend money even for the basic necessities of life, like better food or buying food for their relations or friends will find their place in this hell. Those who do not repay the money they have borrowed will also be cast into this hell. Here, their bodies will be constantly be pricked and pierced by needles.

All the chapters of Garuda puranam is available here :- Garuda Purana

Sinners who have committed more than one of the sins listed above will be sent to all the various hell. once their period for one ends, the other will begin. Some of these Narakas have different punishments for the same sins. In the case of Adultery, sinners will go through all the levels of Narakas intended for the sin of Adultery

Narada – >

Those persons who are omniscient, who are conversant with the principles of creation and annihilation, who see everything and who are devoid of passionate attachment to anything are released from the bonds of karma.

Those who do not injure anybody or anything, whatsoever, mentally, verbally or physically and those who are not involved in anything are not bound by karma.

Those who refrain from violence to living beings, who possess good conduct and mercifulness, and who have equanimity to others’ hatred and love are released from the bonds of karma. They have self-control.

Those who are merciful to living beings, who are worthy of being trusted by living creatures and who have eschewed violent activities go to heaven.

Those who are indifferent to others’ assets, who always avoid other men’s wives and who enjoy the riches virtuously acquired by them go to heaven.

Those men who always associate with other men’s wives as though they were their own mothers, sisters and daughters go to heaven. 

Those who cling to their own wives, who carnally approach them only during the prescribed period after the days of menstruation and who never indulge themselves in vulgar lechery go to heaven.

Those who desist from stealth, who are content with their own wealth and who enjoy their own good luck go to heaven.

Those who view other men’s wives with eyes enveloped by chastity, who have conquered their sense organs and who value good conduct very much go to heaven.

Garuda Purana:- The Garuda Purana Translated by Ernest Wood and S.V. Subrahmanyam [1911] The text has been reformatted and rearranged at Hinduwebsite.com by Jayaram V. Part of the blog was taken from that site. If there is any offense occur then this blog will be removed. This text is in the publicdomain in the United States because it was published prior to January 1st, 1923. These files may be used for any non-commercial purpose, provided this notice of attribution is left intact in all copies.

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What is your body worth on the black market

Ravana – The Greatest Emperor of Asia

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History – In Brief

First let us look at what sources we have that tell us of Ravana’s History. He was the son of a Brahmin called ‘Vishrava’ and a princess called ‘Kaikesi’. When Kaikesi came of age to be married, her father ‘Sumali’ the king of the Daityas, wanted her to marry the most powerful and noble man in the world. He refused a lot of offers made by a number of prices and went to Vishrava instead. He agreed to marry Kaikesi. Yet, he told that Kaikesi approached her in the wrong time, and the children that were to be born to them will be bent towards evil.

Ravana was the eldest of the sons that they had. He was named “Dasagriva” or “Dashanana” since it is believed that he had ten heads. But this may be because he had the power and strength of ten men. Some say the ten heads were due to the reflections of a crystal necklace gifted to him by his father at the time of his birth or he had the mental strength of 10 people. Ravana had two brothers, Vibhishana and Kumbhakarna and one sister, Meenakshi (Later named Shoorpanakha).

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During Ravana’s time, the kingdom “Lanka” was divided between three rulers by the queen Mandratha. Namely Tharaka; who ruled from a location near the current day Kelaniya, Surapadma; who ruled from the southern parts near Tissamaharama. The third, Sinha-Mukha did not have a city to rule from. Thus he called upon the greatest architect and engineer of all time, Maya-Asura (Known to some as “Vishwakarma”) to build him the city “Lankapura”. (Legend says this is Atlantis itself)
But soon, the king Surapadma had a dispute with a foreign king and takes him into custody and brings him to Lanka. This triggers an event that shapes the history of the country. A prince named Kathira (Later renamed “Mahasena” because of bringing a great army), comes to Lanka (The place he set his armies is currently known as “Katharagama” –Kathira-Gama broken down–) and rescues the abducted prince by killing Surapadma. Unfortunately, during this time, Tharaka and Sinha-Mukha leave their strongholds and escape from the country. The country goes to the hands of a king named Kuvera (AKA Kubera), also known to be a son of Vishrava. (Ravana’s father)

It is then; Ravana overthrows the attacker Kuvera and secures the country and most importantly, the “Pushpaka”, the flying machine. Kuvera might not have known to use it, but Ravana who had much knowledge given to him by his father and his studies of the Vedas might have had an idea how to fly the thing. From the stories that are told about queen Devayani (Mentioned later) showing off the battle capabilities of the Pushpaka, Ravana might have figured out that it would be a great advantage to have such a craft.

He took the country into a period of utmost prosperity. It is rumoured that the poorest of the houses in the country had golden pots to feed from. The people knew not the meaning of hunger. It is this prosperous culture, did Rama decided to bring down, and it all happened because of a single female. (We still don’t know whether this abduction story is true)We think that was a some type tragedic incident.

Ravana 3Ravana’s last references are in the war that he made with Rama. He was quite an adversary to Rama. Given the fact that his knowledge of science and warrior tactics, Rama was no match for him. But the inside help Rama got from Vibhishana seems to have worked for him. If not for that, the story would have been told in a different manner.

Some argue that the abduction story is a setup done by Vibhishana himself to overthrow Ravana from his empire. The Ramayana states that Rama even winning his queen in a war, did not trust Seetha to be pure. But Seetha proved that she was pure and this fact also says that Ravana never even touched the woman when she was in Lanka. Why abduct her and then keep her till she says “Yes” when you can always do what you want by force. This is a serious question that we must seek answers to. We have seen political scandal stories all our life and of all the countries in the world, we must know how bad politicians become when they want power. Perhaps Vibhishana was overcome by his greed of the empire to force him into such an action.

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আমরা কি সঠিক ভাবে উত্তর দিতে পারি? আর এজন্য আমরা অন্যের কাছে হিন্দু ধর্ম কে হাসির পাত্র করি।

অনেকেই সনাতন ধর্মের মূর্তি পূজা নিয়ে প্রশ্ন করেন।এ প্রশ্ন যে শুধু অন্য ধর্মের লোকেরা করেন তাই নয় বরং অনেক সনাতন ধর্মাবলম্বীরাও করেন। আজ তাই আপনাদের মূর্তি পূজা কি এবং কেন করা হয় তা সনাতন দর্শনের আলোকে তুলে ধরব।

মূর্তি পূজার স্বরূপ জানতে হলে প্রথমে আমাদেরকে জানতে হবে ঈশ্বর ও দেবতা বলতে সনাতন দর্শনে কি বলা হয়েছে।

ঈশ্বর ও দেবতাঃ

প্রথমেই বলে রাখা দরকার সনাতন দর্শনে বহু ঈশ্বরবাদের স্থান নাই বরং আমরা একেশ্বরবাদে বিশ্বাসী।হিন্দু শাস্ত্র মতে , ঈশ্বর এক ও অদ্বিতীয়।সনাতন দর্শন বলে, ঈশ্বর স্বয়ম্ভূ অর্থাৎ ঈশ্বর নিজে থেকে উৎপন্ন, তার কোন স্রষ্টা নাই, তিনি নিজেই নিজের স্রষ্টা।আমাদের প্রাচীন ঋষিগন বলে গিয়েছেন, ঈশ্বরের কোন নির্দিষ্ট রূপ নেই(নিরাকার ব্রহ্ম) তাই তিনি অরূপ, তবে তিনি যে কোন রূপ ধারন করতে পারেন কারণ তিনিই বিশ্ব ব্রহ্মাণ্ডে সর্বময় ক্ষমতার অধিকারী।ঋকবেদে বলা আছে, ঈশ্বর ‘একমেবাদ্বিতীয়ম’- ঈশ্বর এক ও অদ্বিতীয়।ঈশ্বর বা ব্রহ্ম (ব্রহ্মা নন) সম্পর্কে আরও বলা হয়, ‘অবাংমনসগোচর’ অর্থাৎ ঈশ্বরকে কথা(বাক), মন বা চোখ দিয়ে ব্যাখ্যা করা যায় না, তিনি বাহ্য জগতের অতীত।ঈশ্বর সম্পর্কে ঋকবেদে বলা আছে-
‘একং সদ বিপ্রা বহুধা বদন্তি (ঋক-১/৬৪/৪৬) অর্থাৎ সেই এক ঈশ্বরকে পণ্ডিতগণ বহু নামে বলে থাকেন।
‘একং সন্তং বহুধন কল্পায়ন্তি’ (ঋক-১/১১৪/৫) অর্থাৎ সেই এক ঈশ্বরকে বহুরূপে কল্পনা করা হয়েছে।
‘দেবানাং পূর্বে যুগে হসতঃ সদাজায়ত’ (ঋক-১০/৭২/৭) অর্থাৎ দেবতারও পূর্বে সেই অব্যাক্ত(ঈশ্বর) হতে ব্যক্ত জগত উৎপন্ন হয়েছে।

ঈশ্বর এক কিন্তু দেবদেবী অনেক। তাহলে দেব দেবী কারা? মনে রাখতে হবে দেব দেবীগণ ঈশ্বর নন। ঈশ্বরকে বলা হয় নির্গুণ অর্থাৎ জগতের সব গুনের(quality) আধার তিনি। আবার ঈশ্বর সগুনও কারণ সর্ব শক্তিমান ঈশ্বর চাইলেই যে কোন গুনের অধিকারী হতে পারেন এবং সেই গুনের প্রকাশ তিনি ঘটাতে পারেন। দেব দেবীগন ঈশ্বরের এই সগুনের প্রকাশ।অর্থাৎ ঈশ্বরের এক একটি গুনের সাকার প্রকাশই দেবতা। ঈশ্বর নিরাকার কিন্তু তিনি যে কোন রূপে সাকার হতে পারেন আমাদের সামনে কারণ তিনি সর্ব ক্ষমতার অধিকারী। যদি আমরা বিশ্বাস করি ঈশ্বর সর্বশক্তিমান তাহলে নিরাকার ঈশ্বরের সাকার গুনের প্রকাশ খুবই স্বাভাবিক।তাই ঈশ্বরের শক্তির সগুন রূপ দুর্গা, কালী, পার্বতী;বিদ্যার সগুন রূপ সরস্বতী; ঐশ্বর্যের সগুন রূপ লক্ষ্মী, মৃত্যুর রূপ যম। তেমনি ঈশ্বর যখন সৃষ্টি করেন তখন ব্রহ্মা ( ব্রহ্ম নয়), যখন পালন করেন তখন বিষ্ণু আর প্রলয়রূপে শিব।এজন্য বলা হয়ে থাকে ঈশ্বরই ব্রহ্মা,তিনিই বিষ্ণু, তিনিই শিব। তাহলে আমারা এখন বুঝতে পারছি দেব দেবী অনেক হতে পারে কিন্তু ঈশ্বর এক এবং দেবতাগণ এই পরম ব্রহ্মেরই বিভিন্ন রূপ।তাই হিন্দুরা বহু দেবোপাসক(বস্তুত দেবোপাসনা ঈশ্বর উপাসনাই) হতে পারে তবে বহু ঈশ্বরবাদী নন।

এতক্ষন আপনাদেরকে বললাম ঈশ্বর আর দেবতার পার্থক্য। এখন বলব তাহলে আমরা কেন এ সকল দেব দেবীগণের মূর্তি পূজা করি।

মূর্তি পূজার রহস্যঃ

মানুষের মন স্বভাবতই চঞ্চল।পার্থিব জগতে আমাদের চঞ্চল মন নানা কামনা বাসনা দিয়ে আবদ্ধ। আমরা চাইলেই এই কামনা বাসনা বা কোন কিছু পাবার আকাংক্ষা থেকে মুক্ত হতে পারি না।(ধরুন একজন শিক্ষার্থী তাঁর শিক্ষা জীবনের বাসনা থাকে পরীক্ষায় প্রথম হউয়া।এ জন্য সে বিদ্যার দেবী সরস্বতীর আরাধনা করে।) তীব্র গতির এই মনকে সংযত করা, স্থির করার ব্যবস্থা করা হয় এই সগুন ঈশ্বরের বিভিন্ন রুপের মাধ্যমে।মনে রাখতে হবে আমরা কখনই ঈশ্বরের বিশালতা বা অসীমতা কে আমদের সসীম চিন্তা দিয়ে বুঝতে পারব না। বরং সর্বগুণময় ঈশ্বরের কয়েকটি বিশেষ গুনকেই বুঝতে পারব।আর এ রকম এক একটি গুনকে বুঝতে বুঝতে হয়ত কোন দিন সেই সর্ব গুণময়কে বুঝতে পারব।আর মূর্তি বা প্রতিমা হল এসকল গুনের রূপকল্প বা প্রতীক। এটা অনেকটা গনিতের সমস্যা সমাধানের জন্য ‘x’ ধরা। আদতে x কিছুই নয় কিন্তু এক্স ধরেই হয়ত আমরা গনিতের সমস্যার উত্তর পেয়ে যাই। অথবা ধরুন জ্যামিতির ক্ষেত্রে আমরা কোন কিছু বিন্দু দিয়ে শুরু করি। কিন্তু বিন্দুর সংজ্ঞা হল যার দৈর্ঘ, প্রস্থ ও বেধ নাই কিন্তু অবস্থিতি আছে – যা আসলে কল্পনা ছাড়া আর কিছু নয়।অথচ এই বিন্দুকে আশ্রয় করেই আমরা প্রশান্ত মহাসাগরের গভীরতা থেকে হিমালয়ের উচ্চতা সব মাপতে পারি। আবার ধরুন ভূগোল পড়ার সময় একটি গ্লোব রেখে কল্পনা করি এটা পৃথিবী আবার দেয়ালের ম্যাপ টানিয়ে বলি এটা লন্ডন, এটা ঢাকা এটা জাপান। কিন্তু ঐ গ্লোব বা ম্যাপ কি আসলে পৃথিবী? অথচ ওগুলো দেখেই আমরা পৃথিবী চিনছি।

তেমনি মূর্তির রূপ কল্পনা বা প্রতিমা স্বয়ং ঐসকল দেবতা নন তাঁদের প্রতীক, চিহ্ন বা রূপকল্প।এগুলো রূপকল্প হতে পারে কিন্তু তা মনকে স্থির করতে সাহায্য করে এবং ঈশ্বরের বিভিন্ন গুন সম্পর্কে ধারনা দেয়, শেখায় ঈশ্বর সত্য। সব শেষে পরম ব্রহ্মের কাছে পৌছাতে সাহায্য করে। হিন্দু ধর্মে পূজা একটি বৈশিষ্ট্য। কল্পনায় দাড়িয়ে সত্য উত্তরণই পূজার সার্থকতা। আমাদের ধর্মে ঈশ্বরের নিরাকার ও সাকার উভয় রূপের উপাসনার বিধান আছে।নিরাকার ঈশ্বরের কোন প্রতিমা নাই, থাকা সম্ভবও না। যারা ঈশ্বরের অব্যক্ত বা নিরাকার উপাসনা করেন তাঁদের বলে নিরাকারবাদি। আর যারা ঈশ্বরের সাকার রূপের উপাসনা করেন তাঁরা সাকারবাদি। এজন্য গীতায় বলা আছে, যারা নিরাকার, নির্গুণ ব্রহ্মের উপাসনা করেন তারাও ঈশ্বর প্রাপ্ত হন।তবে নির্গুণ উপাসকদের কষ্ট বেশি। কারণ নিরাকার ব্রহ্মে মনস্থির করা মানুষের পক্ষে খুবই ক্লেশকর।

তবে কি হিন্দুরা পৌত্তলিক ?

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1. CTRL+C (Copy)
2. CTRL+X (Cut)
3. CTRL+V (Paste)
4. CTRL+Z (Undo)
5. DELETE (Delete)
6. SHIFT+DELETE (Delete the selected item permanently without placing the item in the Recycle Bin)
7. CTRL while dragging an item (Copy the selected item)
8. CTRL+SHIFT while dragging an item (Create a shortcut to the selected item)
9. F2 key (Rename the selected item)
10. CTRL+RIGHT ARROW (Move the insertion point to the beginning of the next word)
11. CTRL+LEFT ARROW (Move the insertion point to the beginning of the previous word)
12. CTRL+DOWN ARROW (Move the insertion point to the beginning of the next paragraph)
13. CTRL+UP ARROW (Move the insertion point to the beginning of the previous paragraph)
14. CTRL+SHIFT with any of the arrow keys (Highlight a block of text) SHIFT with any of the arrow keys (Select more than one item in a window or on the desktop, or select text in a document)
15. CTRL+A (Select all)
16. F3 key (Search for a file or a folder)
17. ALT+ENTER (View the properties for the selected item)
18. ALT+F4 (Close the active item, or quit the active program)
19. ALT+ENTER (Display the properties of the selected object)
20. ALT+SPACEBAR (Open the shortcut menu for the active window)
21. CTRL+F4 (Close the active document in programs that enable you to have multiple documents opensimultaneou sly)
22. ALT+TAB (Switch between the open items)
23. ALT+ESC (Cycle through items in the order that they had been opened)
24. F6 key (Cycle through the screen elements in a window or on the desktop)
25. F4 key (Display the Address bar list in My Computer or Windows Explorer)
26. SHIFT+F10 (Display the shortcut menu for the selected item) 27. ALT+SPACEBAR (Display the System menu for the active window)
28. CTRL+ESC (Display the Start menu)
29. ALT+Underlined letter in a menu name (Display the corresponding menu) Underlined letter in a command name on an open menu (Perform the corresponding command)
30. F10 key (Activate the menu bar in the active program)
31. RIGHT ARROW (Open the next menu to the right, or open a submenu)
32. LEFT ARROW (Open the next menu to the left, or close a submenu)
33. F5 key (Update the active window)
34. BACKSPACE (View the folder onelevel up in My Computer or Windows Explorer)
35. ESC (Cancel the current task)
36. SHIFT when you insert a CD- ROMinto the CD-ROM drive (Prevent the CD-ROM from automatically playing)

Dialog Box – Keyboard Shortcuts
1. CTRL+TAB (Move forward through the tabs)
2. CTRL+SHIFT+TAB (Move backward through the tabs)
3. TAB (Move forward through the options)
4. SHIFT+TAB (Move backward through the options)
5. ALT+Underlined letter (Perform the corresponding command or select the corresponding option)
6. ENTER (Perform the command for the active option or button)
7. SPACEBAR (Select or clear the check box if the active option is a check box)
8. Arrow keys (Select a button if the active option is a group of option buttons)
9. F1 key (Display Help)
10. F4 key (Display the items in the active list)
11. BACKSPACE (Open a folder one level up if a folder is selected in the Save As or Open dialog box)
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